Barad-dûr was a stupendously tall tower in Mordor and home to the Dark Lord Sauron.

Apart from the big man himself, who actually lived there, though? It's hard to imagine such a huge building lying largely empty. Were there orcs who were assigned to stay there? I'd include people who worked in Barad-dûr or those who stayed there from time to time as well as any permanent residents. I have no specific time period in mind.

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    The Mouth of Sauron was described as the "lieutenant of Barad-dûr", so I imagine that he at least would have had quarters there, since he was not a wraith but a living man, as the book states. – maguirenumber6 May 21 '17 at 18:16
  • Sauron, Annatar, Mairon..? – Edlothiad May 21 '17 at 18:19
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    But in seriousness, we don't know. Presumably hundreds of servants, and his lieutenants, but Tolkien cared less for these petty details and cared more about developing a mythology. He wasn't GRRM – Edlothiad May 21 '17 at 18:22
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    Why does anyone have to live there? Perhaps it was just an office tower. – Shamshiel May 21 '17 at 18:46
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    @Shamshiel - You wouldn't believe the morning I've had. First a bunch of humans attack the main gates, then these wee short guys with hairy feet sneak in the back door.... it's going to be one of those days. Where's the coffee? – Tim May 21 '17 at 20:14


From the Two Towers Book III Chapter 9, Flotsam and Jetsam:

'All this about the Orcs of Barad-dur, Lugburz as they call it, makes me uneasy,' said Aragorn.

The books are full of other references, particularly to the name Lugburz, and it's clear that in addition to Orcs the high command of Sauron's forces also dwell there. For example, from the earlier chapter the Uruk-Hai:

'You seem to know a lot,' said Ugluk. 'More than is good for you, I guess. Perhaps those in Lugburz might wonder how, and why.'


As a small addition to Victim of Circumstance's answer, from thelandofshadow.com:

The tower was full of treasure, weapons, armor, materials, great stores, barracks for the footsoldiers of the tower (on the lower levels), and rooms for high-ranking captains like the Mouth of Sauron.

From tolkiengateway.com:

Around T.A. 1050 Sauron returned and secretly made a stronghold at Dol Guldur.[3] Gandalf did not discover that Sauron was the master of Dol Guldur until T.A. 2850, and in T.A. 2941 the White Council attacked the fortress. Sauron retreated to Barad-dûr, which the Nazgûl had prepared for him, and began to rebuild it in T.A. 2951. From then on Sauron stayed in Barad-dûr and conducted his war on the free people of Middle-Earth from there.

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