Most creatures of fantasy appear to be derived from these similar themes, but I wonder if I simply have not heard of creatures in other countries that hold captive the imaginations of the citizens in the same way zombies, werewolves and vampires appear to in the United States.

closed as not a real question by AncientSwordRage, Kyle Jones, Thaddeus Howze, phantom42, user1027 Nov 27 '12 at 15:42

It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • 6
    I think there's an interesting question in here, but it is too subjective as worded. Can you try to refine it? One thing to consider is: how do you measure the "prevalence" of a monster within a culture to form the basis of comparison? – Beofett May 4 '12 at 21:11
  • 3
    Are you interested in prevalence only in mainstream modern works? If not, I'm pretty sure dragons beat all three of those monsters in both popularity and direct combat. – jwodder May 4 '12 at 21:47
  • 3
    We have "prevalent" monsters because we make movies about then and they're exposed more, while in other countries it's more of a regional/folktale type situation. Also, some are "spiritual" monsters, like the dragon in China. – Nata2ha Mayan2 May 4 '12 at 22:47
  • @Beofett I'm having difficulty coming up with a "measuring stick" for this one. Prevalence or popularity is hard to define. I guess the only subjective equivalent would have to be measured by someone who lives in that country and has been to the United States. However, Feral Oink's answer below about Chupacabra is a pretty fair analogy. – user6168 May 5 '12 at 22:03
  • I don't see how a comprehensive answer to this wouldn't be the size of a novel. Between all the countries around the world, and all their various local myths, there is a massive pool of monsters and stories. Combined with the vaguely-defined measuring stick of 'prevalence', makes this impossible to feasibly answer. – user1027 Nov 27 '12 at 15:43

The chupacabra, originally of Puerto Rico, now well-known in Mexico and thereabouts is a good example (they are well-established even in Arizona, where I live). Chupacabra has been profiled by the likes of Animal Planet. However, it has sinister, blood sucking attributes beyond what might seem like an otherwise harmless crypto-goat*.

Duppy, also referred to as jumbie, are creatures with high prevalence rates in Jamaica and parts of the Carribean, Guyana, but less so in Puerto Rico.

*"Crypto-creature" is more accurate. Chupacabra prey on goats, but are not necessarily goat-like, though it is difficult to know with certainty. They do run on two legs, might fly and certainly can jump.

  • 3
    As a Mexican married to a Puerto Rican, I can tell you that the chupacabra comes from Puerto Rico. I know Mexicans have different superstitions but nothing like Puerto Rico's chupracabra. – user6676 Jun 3 '12 at 22:09
  • @Sara I just verified this with my Puerto Rican folklore and history "expert" ;o) He said that it is well-known that chupacabra are indigenous to Puerto Rico and as you said, living large indeed! They prey on chickens and rabbits, as well as goats. I will make a slight notation in my answer to indicate this. Thank you so much! – Ellie Kesselman Jun 4 '12 at 3:35
  • 1
    @Sara Sorry, he says he is my all-purpose (global?) "crypto-zoological expert" ;o) – Ellie Kesselman Jun 4 '12 at 3:59

There are number of creatures that exist or are mentioned in Russian folk tales. They are pretty popular within ex-Soviet republics, mostly in Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia.

Some creatures I remember are:

  • Baba Yaga (a witch living in the forest, sometimes having "the bone leg", bakes and eats people who get lost in the woods - prefers little children. Hops around the forest in a levitational device called "stupa" which is a huge wooden mortar. Her accomodation is a wooden log cabin or hut elevated on a pair of chicken legs. The hut can move around the forest and follow simple voice commands. The hut is not very smart as in many folk tales it followed orders not only from Baba Yaga but also from random people, hunters, knights who happened to find it in the woods. Most of them get eaten by Baba Yaga anyway, so may be the hut is used to entrap them)

  • Koshei "the Deathless". An immortal skeleton, massively rich evil wizard\king of the forest, sometimes considered to be Baba Yaga's relative or boyfriend. His death is in the needle hidden in the egg hidden in the duck hidden in the hare hidden in (several more animals) hidden in a chest chained on top of some huge tree.

  • Vodyanoi (waterman) - lives in rivers\lakes, has commanding powers over Rusalki (mermaids, all females). Can drown people who in his opinion bring harm to rivers and lakes. Rusalki can drown people just for fun (males) or to increase own headcount (females).

  • Leshii (forest man) - similar to waterman, but lives in the forest. Each forest can have one or more forest men. Can either help someone who gets lost in the wood or lure them deeper until they starve or break the neck, etc. More random behavior and more dangerous than waterman.

  • Barabashka: common term for poltergeist- or ghost-like creature. Mostly harmless, but can be very annoying. Steals things, spills water, breaks mirrors. Lives in peoples homes, mostly rural. Not often found in big cities.

There are good articles on these subjects in wikipedia which make good bed time reading.



Trolls: Numerous tales about trolls are recorded, in which they are frequently described as being extremely old, very strong, but slow and dim-witted, and are at times described as man-eaters and as turning to stone upon contact with sunlight. Watch the movie Trolljegeren, it's a modern horror/comedy movies about trolls.

Huldra:The huldra is a stunningly beautiful, sometimes naked woman with long hair; though from behind she is hollow like an old tree trunk, and has an animal's tail. In Norway, she has a cow's tail, and in Sweden she may have that of a cow or a fox. Further in the north of Sweden, the tail can be entirely omitted in favor of her hollow or bark-covered back.

Mare: The mare is an evil spirit or goblin in Germanic folklore which rides on people's chests while they sleep, bringing on bad dreams (or "nightmares").


This question has kind of already been answered so I am just adding to the list.

In modern day Indonesia, the believers of polytheistic Hinduism wake up every morning and weave a basket from long grass in which they place a small cookie or biscuit, a flower, and a piece of incense. This ensemble then goes into something that looks like a small mailbox. Its purpose is to LITERALLY "keep the demons satisfied and happy" so they leave that house alone. You see these ALL OVER Bali. I would say that qualifies as a pretty strong belief in modern monsters, and it's population wide (Hindu only).

Many Native American and Native Canadian tribes still believe in various Nature Spirits / Totems. Though not really monsters, they do have plentiful stories about shaman who can shape-shift and the like.

Modern Aboriginals in Australia have a VERY strong belief in Ghosts.

Both China & Japan are OBSESSED with Anime monsters - e.g. your tentacle creatures, transformer type robots, etc. These guys get LOTS of print media - a Japanese comic shop is nearly wall-to-wall with graphic novels about these guys. Vampires show up a lot in Japanese stories as well.

In parts of the UK and Ireland, though the countries are by far predominantly Christian, there are still pockets of "true believers" in the Fey / Fair Folk / Faeries, though this belief is kind of watered down from the original stories to more like "garden sprites" at this point. There is a settlement up in the far North of Scotland where they grow crazy vegetables in impossible soil and they attribute it whole-heartedly and quite openly to the "Garden Devas."

Voodoo, though losing dominance, still actually holds sway a few places on earth as well, e.g. Haiti. That's more a belief in Black Magic and evil sorcerers however, rather than monsters.

Hope this helps.

  • 1
    This is quite good, but I don't think any of the creatures mentioned fill the same spot as the triad mentioned in the OP... – AncientSwordRage Jun 4 '12 at 0:34