Being that Asgardians are supposed to be an advanced race similar to humans and this is what a Wiki-page says about them,
Although they look human, all Asgardians possess certain superhuman physical attributes. They are extremely long-lived (though not purely immortal like their Olympian counterparts), aging at an extremely slow rate upon reaching adulthood (through the periodic consumption of the golden apples of Idunn). Asgardian flesh and bone is three times denser than similar human tissue, contributing to their superhuman strength and weight. An average Asgardian male can lift 30 tons (27.2 metric tons); an average Asgardian female can lift about 25 tons (22.7 metric tons). Asgardians are immune to all terrestrial diseases and resistant to conventional injury (however this resilience seems relatively incapable of defeating the zombie plague in Earth-2149 that affects even Asgardians). The metabolism of the Asgardians gives them superhuman stamina in all physical activities.
In this scene they use a Soul Forge,
The Wiki-page states,
The Soul Forge is an Asgardian medical device that generates quantum fields to highlight the patient's physiology, making any form of internal infection more apparant.
So , I am a little confused, why have a Soul Forge on Asgard that makes it easier to detect illness (specifically she says ," Its a medical device") when the Wiki page says that the Asgardians are immune to disease. Or, is it used on other beings to help them when they get sick. But that confuses me too, due to the fact that Odin says she doe not belong here and to send her home and have Doctors look at her.