What is the meaning of wasps nest symbolism from Neuromancer ? When Case had some mental problems he recalled a memory of a broken wasps nest a few times.
For me, it was a symbolic representation of Tessier-Ashpool. They are the result of natural forces, but seem very unnatural and alien. It is ruthless, efficient, and sleek: capable of causing great pain. But once thy have been brought down, they can seem almost pathetic and disgusting. Case would eventually bring both of them down as well.
Tek's answer is great.
I'd also like to point out the "hive mind" aspect of the T-A clan, emphasizing the fact that the family's members aren't actually free-thinking individuals anymore - until Wintermute corrupts 3Jane's programming that is.
And the (perhaps tenuous) relationship between T-A's cloning cryogenic re-incarnation aspect, where the freezers are in a sense "staging areas" for further generations of cyborg-like killing machines ready to be unleashed into the world on behalf of the hive-family.
There is a Neuromancer study guide out there that touches on this. IIRC, the general idea is that the hive had a number of bees at different stages of development, all next to each other, in what amounted to a factory of little machine guns.
Besides the hive mind simile mentioned above, T-A is similar because of the way they clone (the cloning process being akin to larva developing) and cryofreeze their offspring (in cryofreeze chambers/crypts). In their quest to create the perfect corporation stewards, including famed killer clone Hideo, within the hive-like cells that make up the corridors and rooms of Villa Straylight, the T-A clan has done some twisted things with people.