While we see wormholes in fiction all the time, they aren't always addressed as Einstein–Rosen bridge. At this time, there are two examples in my mind which used exact term Einstein–Rosen bridge:

  • In Thor: Ragnarok (2017) movie, Banner addressed Devil's Anus as Einstein–Rosen bridge.

  • In an episode of Justice League (2001) or Justice League Unlimited (2004) TV series, Flash ran at lightspeed on Green Lantern's track to create a wormhole near Sun to suck something out of Sun. Here, Batman or someone in Justice League used the term Einstein–Rosen bridge.

When was the term Einstein–Rosen bridge first used in Science Fiction?

  • 6
    Refined lower bound is 1935 when Einstein and Rosen first wrote about these bridges in Physics Review. A paper titled "The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity"
    – Edlothiad
    Nov 6, 2017 at 8:18
  • @Edlothiad just beat me to the punch
    – Broklynite
    Nov 6, 2017 at 8:19
  • 1
    I appreciate you thought of Ragnarok because it just came out, but the Bifrost was also named as an E-R Bridge in Thor (2011).
    – OrangeDog
    Nov 6, 2017 at 9:31
  • 1
    @Edlothiad Do you know when the term Einstein–Rosen bridge was first coined? Probably, Einstein and Rosen didn't use that term in their 1935 paper, and it was coined later by somebody else.
    – user14111
    Nov 6, 2017 at 10:57
  • 1
    @Discovery But that is what they're referring to - it's pretty clear from the context of the song, which is a bunch of imagery related to astronomy and astrophysics. Adding the '-Rosen' just wouldn't fit the timing.
    – LAK
    Nov 6, 2017 at 14:56

3 Answers 3


1979: The Black Hole. If memory serves me right, there is a scene were scientists Dr. Hans Reinhardt and Dr. Alex Durant whisper about the possibility of an Einstein-Rosen bridge connected to the black hole.


1983: "The Last Einstein–Rosen Bridge" is the title of a science fiction short story by Rudy Rucker which was first published in his 1983 collection The 57th Franz Kafka.

The term Einstein–Rosen bridge does not occur in the body of the story.


Earliest example that pops in my head (I am sure there are earlier) is Sliders, an SF tv series from 1995-2000. They distinctly talk about crossing the Einstein-Rosen Bridge in the first episode, although it's rarely referred to as such afterward.

Edit: I stand corrected, they talk about an ERP bridge, so not exactly what the question was asking.

  • 1
    I believe they actually called it the "Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky Bridge" Podolsky to emphasize the cross-universal travel (whereas an ER bridge can be two points in the same universe). Nov 6, 2017 at 8:31
  • 2
    @starpilotsix That just sounds like a mistake, actually. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox has nothing to do with the Einstein-Rosen bridge, but the EPR name is more famous.
    – Buzz
    Nov 6, 2017 at 11:52
  • I think you are both correct, FWIW.
    – Broklynite
    Nov 6, 2017 at 12:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.