We know from Star Trek TOS S2:E13 - The Trouble with Tribbles that the problem is that they keep reproducing, and the way to fix it is to stop feeding them. We see Captain Kirk 'discover' this 10 years after Star Trek Discovery.
In Star Trek Discovery S1:E3 - Context is for Kings, we see Lorca's collection of extraordinary items, including a Tribble.
It seems that Lorca has found a way to stop the Tribble reproducing. Either he doesn't feed it, or has found a way to neuter it.
But it seems strange that Lorca had no trouble figuring this out, but 10 years later, not only did Captain Kirk not know about it, but he had a big drama figuring it out as well.
My question is: How did Captain Lorca master the problems with Tribbles, only to have them befuddle Kirk 10 years later?