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In the Star Wars saga, one of the most iconic weapons of the Empire was the Death Star: a self sustained weapons platform the size of a moon, with the capacity to destroy a planet. in A New Hope, we see the first Death Star in close proximity to the planet Alderaan, holding the planet hostage as the Empire tries to deduce the location of the Rebel Alliance's headquarters. In Return of the Jedi, we see the second Death Star in "dry dock" over the forest moon of Endor as it is being constructed.

My question is: How did the Death Star move? I imagine a spherical space station the size of a moon would be utterly massive, requiring a massive amount of thrust to move it. If it was constructed in low orbit of an inhabited planet/moon, the gravitational field would be immense, consisting of the planet/moon's gravity, and the Death Star's own considerable gravity. Breaking that gravitational field would be a massive task, yet we see no thrusters or engines on either Death Star. Were they hidden, stored under the station's surface while not in use? Was the station towed by another vessel?

  • 6
    Believe in force, Vader.. – I Love You 3000 May 30 '12 at 2:16
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    With a hyperdrive array. Duh. – Gorchestopher H May 30 '12 at 2:25
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    How does the Death Star move? ... any dang way it wants to. – Omegacron Aug 19 '14 at 18:42
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    It moves like a giant wrecking ball through time and space. – C. Tewalt Dec 21 '16 at 20:15
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    Very well, thank you for asking. – Valorum Jan 4 '17 at 22:18
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It depends on what level of canon you are looking for.

If you accept the Gaming books, the Death Star Technical Companion (at least one of them, I believe there were several) lists it as having both Ion drives and a series of 123 hyper-drive field generators. See chapter two, Technical Specifications.

Image from the Death Star Technical Companion (Image from the Death Star Technical Companion, 1st edition, published by West End Games.)

Given that the reactor was deep inside, we could well have been seeing the ports the Ion drives used, and never realized it. In most space vehicles that we see, the source of the propulsion is visible as it's close to where it's being emitted, and we see the burning / glow / whatever -- In the Death Star, the Reactor was deep inside. I believe the Ion output ports were inside that trench along the middle.

The Technical Companion says: "Finally, the surface was riddled with thermal exhaust ports, heat sinks, sublight thrusters, hyperdrive thrusters ... "

(Emphasis mine)

As I recall, there is also more on this in the expanded universe; the Death Star that we eventually see was the result of a fairly substantial evolution.

One thing to remember, though; the Death Star was HUGE. If you look at the picture I included, that Star Destroyer in the corner is to scale, and you may recall those things were huge, themselves. The Death Star was the size of a small moon; the thrust ports could be easily visible on the surface, and we still might not see them, as most shots of the Death Star show a larger portion of it's surface -- If there are a few hundred of them, and they are each say 500 meters square, we'd never notice them.

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    Those are awfully big computers.... – DampeS8N May 30 '12 at 3:01
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    @KeithHWeston even assuming a width of 10 feet only, we are still talking 18 cubic miles of computer. (if that takes up 40% of the cross-section) I repeat, that's an awfully big computer. – DampeS8N May 30 '12 at 3:10
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    @DampeS8N - No argument.... I didn't design it, and I think it's pretty unrealistic, too. But (to play devil/Lucas' advocate) huge, even planet spanning computers were not an uncommon staple of sci-fi for a while; until the transistor and IC took over, the miniaturization process really couldn't happen. Out-of-universe, though, I think for the guys building the specs, "Computer Core" == "What in hell are we gonna call all of this extra space?!? Did Lucas consider how much VOLUME this thing had! GAH!" – K-H-W May 30 '12 at 3:14
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    To that end, the 'deep armory and hanger bays' are probably large enough to house the entire galaxy's military arsenal. Especially when you consider it is big enough for at least 1000 super star destroyers, each of which makes the standard victory class star destroyers look like the corvette that Leia was on in the first scene of episode 4. better example – DampeS8N May 30 '12 at 3:25
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    It seems neither Lucas nor the Emperor had any vague idea what to actually do with this much space available... – n611x007 Jul 7 '12 at 8:55
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According to Star Wars Technical Journal (Volume Two) (July 1994) (emphasis added):

At the core of the Death Star was an immense, cavernous housing for the battle station's power generator matrix. A fusion reactor of incredible proportions, fed by stellar fuel bottles lining its periphery, produced the raw energy demanded by the Death Star's superlaser and hyperdrive systems. Much of the station's interior volume was filled by the machinery necessary to sustain such a fusion core, with sublight propulsion systems and defense field generators lining the outer equatorial regions. Realspace propulsion was handled by an external array of powerful ion engines, which converted the raw fusion energy of the station's core into thrust and pressed the station's great mass into any motion dictated by the Death Star's huge navicomputer banks. While ion engines of such magnitude are highly radioactive, no other system could provide the directional control necessary for a station of such great size. Engineering personnel assigned to monitor ion vent operations usually wore radiation suits.

The Death Star's hyperspace motivator units were comprised of linked banks of field generators such as those found aboard Imperial Star Destroyers. One hundred twenty-three individual hyperspace generators, tied into a single navigational matrix, were necessary to carry the Death Star beyond the speed of light. The intense power generated within the battle station, combined with its great mass, gave it both magnetic and artificial gravitational fields equal to those of a natural body many times its size.

At the true equator of the station was a deep trench, encircling the Death Star like a straight, endless canyon some 376 kilometers in length. Here were housed the station's primary hanger bays, drive thrusters, heat exhausts, primary sensor arrays, and tractor beam systems.

It also adds the following statistics:

Construction site: Planetary orbit, penal world Despayre, Horuz system, Outer Rim Territories

Diameter: 120,000 meters (equivalent to a Class IV moon)

Maximum Speed: 1.2c

Fuel: Compressed stellar hydrogen

Here is an exterior diagram from the technical journal showing where the ion drives are located:

Death Star exterior diagram in Star Wars Technical Journal (Volume Two)

Here is a interior diagram from the technical journal:

Death Star interior diagram in Star Wars Technical Journal (Volume Two)

There is a nice full color multi-page cross section of the Death Star in Star Wars Incredible Cross Sections which shows the ion sublight engines and hyperdrive are hidden inside of the moon space station along the equatorial sector.

Death Star diagram in Star Wars Incredible Cross Sections

Below are close-ups on where the ion sublight engines and hyperdrive are located. Notice that they are hidden beneath the surface of the Death Star.

Cross section of the ion sublight engines

Cross section of the hyperdrive

The Essential Guide to Vehicles and Vessels (1996) states:

Fully half of the battle station's interior was filled by the reactor core, the sublight and hyperdrive systems and the superlaser housing.

Death Star picture from the Essential Guide to Vehicles and Vessels

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    Many Bothans died to bring us this information. – benshepherd Nov 19 '15 at 12:18
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    "Maximum speed 1.2c" ...W T F?! – flq Jan 4 '17 at 22:44
  • @flq - that's what surprises most about this? – Gallifreyan Jan 9 '17 at 10:18
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    @Gallifreian yes, it's like too fast for movement in Spacetime, too slow for a FTL drive... – flq Jan 9 '17 at 12:06
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    @flq - I'd very much like to see how fast you can move this thing across space. – Gallifreyan Jan 9 '17 at 12:16
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In new Disney canon, we don't know deep details yet other than it has a hyperdrive.

He listened to the main reactor's muffled roar.... as the station reconfigured itself for hyperspace transport. (Rogue One official novelization by Alexander Freed)

and

The hyperspace journey had gone smoothly and the station was ready for war (Chapter 21).

The drive was definitely special-built, although we don't know how different it is from Star Destroyers in basic high level design:

Components for the hyperdrive generator will be shipping on schedule from Desolation station, where initial tests have been completed. ("Tarkin" by James Luceno, Chapter 7 "Matters of War")

and

Vital components for the battle station's complex hyperdrive generator ("Tarkin" by James Luceno, Chapter 3 "Cold Case")

-1

As for moving slower than light, I think that space operas like Star Wars and Star Trek are goofy if they don't specify that ships use generated gravity drives for slower than light travel.

After all the ships are shown with generated gravity fields to create artificial gravity and make things fall to the deck. So it seems really easy to imagine that they could generate artificial gravity fields to make the entire ship fall toward wherever they want to go to.

Thus breaking free of the gravity of Endor's Moon, for example would be no problem. Just artificially generate a much more intense gravity field pulling the Death Star away from Endor's Moon.

IMHO any space opera that shows ships with generated gravity inside so the characters walk around normally should show the ships using generated gravity fields to travel slower than light.

Thus the Death Star and other space opera spaceships shouldn't need to have any visible ion thruster units or rocket nozzles.

And the Death Star would be totally useless if it didn't have a hyperdrive.

If it didn't have a hyperdrive:

"Oh No!"

"What is it?"

"The Death Star!"

"The what?"

"It's the planet smashing super weapon of the First Galactic Empire, heading for Alderaan."

"What? How old is that? Didn't the Fourth Galactic Empire end five thousand years ago? Why would such an ancient weapon show up now?"

"Did you sleep in ancient history class? Alderaan led the revolt against the First Galactic Empire. And now the Death Star has finally completed the voyage to destroy Alderaan after tens of thousands of years."

That wouldn't be very practical from the Empire's point of view.

Didn't Vader and kenobie fight while the Death Star was still in the Alderaan system. Didn't Vader say:

"This day will be long remembered. It has seen the end of Kenobie and it will see the end of the rebellion."

Obviously the Death star was predicted to make the interstellar journey from the Aladeraan system to the Yavin system in less than one day. Thus it had a hyperdrive.

protected by Community Jul 25 '17 at 18:12

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