I'll risk myself and say, it's a representation of the classical napoelonic era ship chase trope, whose variant "fog chase" can be seen at the beginning of the film of Master and Commander.
STERN CHASE TV TROPE
Master and commander Battle #2 scene, at the end, it's where turns into a long, slow music, night fog chase
Althought i would not completely discard a familair movie / documental scene where a WW2 capital ship fight where landing craft / ships sail away while the almost sunk battleship serves as protection. can't remember where, though.
Maybe the battle of Midway, maybe the sinking of HMS Aboukir, maybe the "landing" operations of the Dardanelles campaings, where many transports and battleships were sunk while the landing craft and transports was still,ehm landing, more importantly at the Anzac Cove, where the HMS Iressistible sunk.
I'm not sure it's a direct concrete movie reference or, rather, the idea of a long, unavoidable, chase for survival unless luck steps in, napoleonic style.