In Star Trek: Into Darkness, acting Captain Spock orders the crew to abandon ship. The entire bridge crew refuses to follow the order and instead remains at their stations. Sulu seems to speak for the rest of the crew:
SULU: All due respect, Commander, but we're not going anywhere.
Obviously, this is the brave and honorable thing to do - but it's still a violation of a lawful order from a superior officer.
Technically, Spock could have them all charged for disobeying orders. He could probably even have Sulu charged for "inciting" a mutiny. Presumably, Spock does the honorable thing himself and declines to have any of them charged - but does that always happen?
Has any Starfleet officer been punished for refusing an "abandon ship" order and courageously remaining at their post?
This could include a court martial, a demotion, or even just a negative report in their official duty record.