In any version, is Captain America’s shield made with vibranium stolen from Wakanda? I saw this idea on Facebook and was curious about its veracity.
We don't know. The closest we ever really get to discovering its origins is from this panel in the official tie-in comic to the MCU film Captain America: The First Avenger. Stark says that his researchers
"discovered [the vibranium sample] in Deepest Africa".
Quite whether they discovered it through trading with Wakanda, found a small piece of the vibranium meteor outside Wakandan territory or stole it (noting that this has occurred on several occasions) isn't confirmed.
Meteors very rarely land in a single discrete lump with no breakup whatsoever. There are absolutely other sources of "Wakandan" vibranium in the world, albeit small ones, at least in the comics. If you assume that Wakanda was already well able to protect itself and its borders by the 1940s, robbery is unlikely.
Trading a small amount is possible - another possibility is Stark finding a small deposit outside of Wakanda, one that the country had not found and retrieved.
But the biggest clue may be the name - If Stark claims to have "discovered" the metal, does that mean HE named it? Did Wakanda have some other name for it, which became disused when the new term get used across the world?
It may be safer to guess that Stark traded for the small amount, and got the name from the people with which he traded.