# How much DNA do Fry and the Professor share?

Seeing how in addition to being the professor's great ... great uncle, he is also his great ... great great great grandfather, assuming no further interbreeding, how much of the professor's DNA comes from Fry?

And about how many greats are we talking, while we are at it.

• See Sam Hughes's writeup on Phillip J. Fry's DNA from 2005. Commented Jun 15, 2012 at 15:10
• A better question would be how is Fry that great great great etc.. etc.. grandfather since he didn't have kids before being frozen Commented Jun 15, 2012 at 15:49
• @OrionDarkwood ASK IT! Commented Jun 15, 2012 at 15:53
• @OrionDarkwood: He did. He had one boy: his father. Commented Jun 15, 2012 at 16:05
• @OrionDarkwood: This question might help clear some things up. Commented Jun 15, 2012 at 16:07

I found a handy clue that might help provide an answer to this. In A Leela Of Her Own, we meet Hank Aaron the 24th. Hank Aaron was born in 1934. Fry did the nasty in the pasty in 1947. Which means Fry's "grandfather" is roughly 10 years older than Hank Aaron, which is about half a generation. Because Fry is his own grandfather, I'm using Fry-> Yancy-> Yancy Jr. as the starting point here, as it simplifies the calculation of how much of Fry's DNA is in Yancy Jr's lineage.

If we were to assume that Fry's family had kids at roughly the same age as the Aaron's, then this means they both had 23 generations since then. Each of those generations means a halving of Fry's DNA. So to calculate how much of Fry's DNA is in the Professor, it's simply (1/2)^23.

However, there are ages of the end of those lineages to take into account. In the future present, Hank Aaron the 24th is retired, and his hair is graying. In modern Major League Baseball, most athletes retire around age 40, so we can assume Hank's at least that old, maybe in his 50s-60s. The Professor is 100 years older than him, which given modern generational lengths of 20-40 years means he's 3-5 generations older than Hank.

This means there would be 18-20 generations between Fry and The Professor. That means The Professor has between (1/2)^20 - (1/2)^18 of Fry's DNA. That works out to be 9.53674316 × 10-7 - 3.81469727 × 10-6.

After discussing in chat, a flaw was pointed out in this answer. We don't know that every descendent of Hank Aaron has his name. So the numbers above are a lower bound on the number of generations, and an upper bound on the amount of Fry's DNA in the Professor.

There just isn't enough information to determine how many generations there are between Fry and the Professor, which would be a key factor in estimating how much DNA they could share. They clearly share enough such that the DNA scanner in the pilot episode is able to match them and determine their relationship, but how much isn't quantifiable.

But even if we knew how many generations there were, it still probably wouldn't be much to go on. Each parent gives a randomly-chosen half of their genetic material to their child. This means Fry gave half of his genes to his child (i.e. his father, Yancy). If every ancestor between Yancy and the Professor were to somehow keep passing on this exact same half of their genetic material, then the Professor would get at most 50% of his DNA directly from Fry. Statistically, it would be more likely for the genetic material from Fry to keep getting halved with each new generation, so that the amount of Fry's DNA passed to the Professor would end up being 1/(2number of generations).

So, we can only get general bounds on how much DNA the Professor inherited from Fry: a maximum of 50%, and a minimum of whatever the threshold is for the DNA scanner to find a genetic match between them.