There are multiple answers out there as to why hiding Luke from his father on his father's home planet makes sense (the memories are too painful for Vader, Vader had no idea he had a son, and so on...). But what I want to know is, why wasn't anyone worried about the Emperor? He has no negative associations with Tatooine, knows about Vader's children, is incredibly clever, and is powerful enough in the Force to defeat Yoda.

  • How do we know they weren't worried? They left Obi-Wan there to look after him, after all. At the end of the day they had scare resources, perhaps they did the best they could, using the Organa societal position and privilege to shield Leia and Obi-Wan to protect Luke? – delinear Mar 28 '18 at 13:12
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    It might be worth noting that in the movies there isn't any compelling reason to think that Vader and/or Palpatine didn't already know about Luke at the start of Episode IV. Some people assume Palpatine would have had him killed, or that Vader would have taken him from Owen and raised him, but neither option is necessarily inevitable nor even particularly likely IMO. The old EU canon established that Vader, at least, didn't already know - but I'm not sure about the new Disney canon. – Harry Johnston Mar 28 '18 at 20:45
  • Palpatine easily turned the "chosen one" - I doubt he would worry about a kid without proper jedi training. – bdecaf Apr 5 '18 at 7:19
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    "It might be worth noting that in the movies there isn't any compelling reason to think that Vader and/or Palpatine didn't already know about Luke at the start of Episode IV" What about: 'Emperor: We have a new enemy, the young Rebel who destroyed the Death Star. I have no doubt this boy is the offspring of Anakin Skywalker. Darth Vader: How is that possible? Emperor: Search your feelings, Lord Vader. You will know it to be true. He could destroy us. – alexgbelov Apr 5 '18 at 17:41
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    @alexgbelov, I stand corrected. – Harry Johnston Apr 5 '18 at 19:42

There's a couple of reasons why

Palpatine bought that Padme was killed by Vader

We see this in the direct dialogue of this scene (about 4:40)

VADER: Where is Padme? Is she safe?

PALPATINE: It seems, in your anger, you killed her

And remember, her funeral made it seem as if she died pregnant

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It's entirely possible he knew and wanted to keep Vader in the dark here, but it seems unlikely because...

Pursuing them would have been difficult

Vader had his hands deep in the Empire. While the Emperor didn't share everything with him, a long-running search on the Outer Rim without any stated purpose would have seemed odd sooner or later. And even then, Obi-Wan knew how to go to ground and disappear, as did Yoda (each would have been a far more tempting target to kill).

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    Also, in the animated series Star Wars Rebels, we see that the Emperor is clearly distracted by several other individuals, which, according to Dave Filoni, was a direct reason why he didn't discover Luke sooner. It makes sense that Sheev would be far too preoccupied chasing down a couple of KNOWN Jedi/Force-users who are actively Jedi-ing all over the place then the extremely slight disturbance that might have been coming from a random unknown teenaged boy on Tatooine who had no knowledge of his own abilities, much less the ability to exercise them in the way these others were. – Elven Padawan Apr 4 '18 at 0:35

  Originally, Palpatine was not a Sith, he was not even an effective ruler, more of puppet controlled by Imperial state apparatus. Vader also was not Anakin Skywalker.

Therefore, Luke was not really hidden from Empire and Emperor, he merely lived on backwater planet with his relatives. Even Kenobi was not really hiding, he just changed his first name (Obi-Wan to Ben). All of this implies that originally Emperor, Empire or Vader didn't even supposed to know about Tatooine, and only chance (or will of the Force) brought them there.

  • This sounds like an out-of-universe explanation rather than an in-universe explanation. – F1Krazy Apr 5 '18 at 7:41

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