Many wizards in HP canon, particularly those on Chocolate Cards, are real-life people retconned as wizards. Some notable ones are Agrippa, Old Mother Hubbard (yes, really) and most famously, Nicholas Flamel.

Noticeably absent are any modern-day wizards. What changed from the past where wizards were able to hide their identity (no Muggles knew that Flamel was a wizard, for example), while still being able to be famous, while in more recent times that phenomona has ceased to exist?

(Note I'm explicitly excluding as canon Albus Dumbledore as being a wizard famous to Muggles, despite the 'introduction' to the first edition of Fantastic Beasts, because he's not famous for any real world thing.)

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    I'd assume the reason there aren't "modern" examples is the introduction of the International Statute of Secrecy and as a consequence the growing divide between the Magical and Muggle societies. Apr 17, 2018 at 15:36
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    Kingsley is somewhat famous, he used to guard the Prime Minister
    – TimSparrow
    Apr 17, 2018 at 15:49
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    @TheAsh The dates work for Agrippa and Nicolas Flamel. The International Statute of Secrecy predates the Old Mother Hubbard nursery rhyme, but I don't know when the fictional Potterverse Old Mother Hubbard was supposed to have lived. Apr 17, 2018 at 15:56
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    @TimSparrow Kingsley guarded the Prime Minister by going undercover as a low level government employee, so unlikely to have ever been famous in the Muggle world. Apr 17, 2018 at 15:57
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    @TimSparrow - Angus Buchanan is a recent example of someone relatively famous in the muggle world.
    – ibid
    Apr 20, 2018 at 3:51

2 Answers 2


In short : the Statute of Secrecy, coupled with the deprecation of magic in favour of science in the Muggle minds, led to this situation.

Long Answer :

Before 1689 (when the International Confederation signed the Statute), Muggles and Wizards/Witches kind of lived together. Right after the promulgation of the Statute, all the magical population went in hiding (that is, for those who weren't already hidden, of course), effectively severing all ties with non-magical folks.

The Statute was promulgated because persecutions were reaching an all-time low. Before that, Muggles had mixed views on magic, depending on the image it gave. Alchemy, for example, was thought as a science, with priests practicing it (Roger Bacon, for example, was a friar and an alchemist); thus, it is quite "normal" that a great Alchemist like Nicolas Flamel went down in history, since Alchemy was considered as normal amongst Muggles.

Even before that, in the early years of Middle-Age, magic was generally seen in a "good" light; even if the authorities were not fond of wizards and witches, the common folks were more than ready to go and see their friendly neighbour Magic-(Wo)Man. It is then no surprise that wizards and witches, living in broad daylight amongst Muggles, could be famous in both worlds. The more one goes back in time, the more magic is intertwined with history and common folks (think of Merlin working with Arthur, to name only the most famous).

Not long after the promulgation of the Statute of Secrecy, something else happened in the Muggle world: the Enlightenment, followed by the Industrial Revolution. "Suddenly", science was the greatest thing ever along with philosophy, and anything related to magic was seen as a relic from an archaic society. The advances in technology made the Muggles stop believing and trusting magic, especially when magical folks were still highly distrustful of Muggles (who less than 50 years were still burning them, so it's quite justified).

When magic went back in a good light, it was too late; both societies had been separated for too long, and most magical folks were still at best cautious of Muggles, along with the Statute of Secrecy still banning any revelation of the magical world.

Concerning our days, this quote (one of the only sensible things Cornelius Oswald Fudge ever said) sums it all quite nicely:

Muggle Prime Minister: "But then, why hasn't a former Prime Minister warned me?"
Cornelius Fudge: "My dear Prime Minister, are you ever going to tell anybody?"

Concerning Old Mother Hubbard, she is supposed to be a hag who lived during the Middle Ages, far before the Statute. The nursery rhyme dates back to the early XIXth century, but the character is supposed to have lived far before that.

  • @OrangeDog thanks a lot for your edits :)
    – Orlahm
    May 14, 2019 at 7:55
  • Sorry for not accepting your answer earlier! I seemed to have forgotten about it.
    – TheAsh
    Feb 21, 2021 at 6:33
  • @TheAsh No problem at all! I'm glad you consider this answer good enough.
    – Orlahm
    Feb 21, 2021 at 7:56

I can see where your question comes from. Let's say the person who invented the cure for Ebola was a wizard, then they would go down in magical history as a famous wizard who cured Ebola, and in Muggle history as a famous person who cured Ebola. If a wizard invented a useful spell that is commonly (or uncommonly) used, then they would go down in wizard history.

How does a wizard stay secret when he/she is famous? There are spells that can be cast and other ways to pass yourself off as a normal human. Remember that some Muggles know about the wizarding world but they help keep it secret from other Muggles.

  • Wizards usually do not contract muggle diseases and vice versa, due to subtle physiological differences caused by magic. It was discussed here (why muggles know nothing about Dragon Pox)
    – TimSparrow
    Apr 18, 2018 at 11:26

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