After taking a lot of complicated notes, they were each given a match and started trying to turn it into a needle. By the end of the lesson, only Hermione Granger had made any difference to her match; Professor McGonagall showed the class how it had gone all silver and pointy -Philosopher's Stone
In this instance, Hermione successfully transforms a match into a needle.
“I know that, Harry, but if she wakes up and the locket’s gone – I need to duplicate it – Geminio! There… That should fool her….” -Deathly Hallows
And here, Slytherin's Locket is duplicated by Hermione.
Are these transfigurations permanent, or do they unravel with time?