By going through the list of Destroyed planets on Wookieepedia, and finding the planets that were destroyed in canon, there are several planets missing from your current list.
Anaxes was destroyed by a cataclysmic event after the end of the Clone Wars.
Fort Anaxes was a remote military base on the planet Anaxes during the Clone Wars. After war's end, a cataclysmic event obliterated the planet, though miraculously, Fort Anaxes remained intact.
Fort Anaxes - Star Wars Databank
The planet made its first appearance in "The Clone Wars: Bad Batch" part of the Lost Missions series after the Clone Wars TV show was cancelled.
The B'ankora homeworld, introduced for the first time (and destroyed) in the prequel novel to Rogue One, Catalyst. The homeworld is unnamed and mentioned only because Krennic sets up his scientists in the B'ankora refuge on Coruscant. Where the details are given that the B'ankora homeworld was destroyed by a cataclysmic collision with meteor, leading to the B'ankora seeking refuge on Coruscant.
I don't currently have the text to provide a quote but have read the book and can confirm the wiki's accuracy in this case.
Originally harvested for its kyber crystals by first the Jedi and then Darth Sidious, this planet was eventually converted into the Starkiller Base superweapon by the First Order. It was destroyed in the Resistance attack on the superweapon, which caused the planet to implode and then turn into a micro-star.
Destroyed by a mysterious cataclysm some time prior to Episode III.
An ore-rich moon that was destroyed for easier mining.
Previously known planets to be destroyed are Alderaan, and the 5 planets of the Hosnian system plus their host star.