4

The Hunter Killers surely have the ability to see in infrared and have night vision capabilities.

Having the spotlights just makes it easier for the Resistance to locate them and take them out.

1
  • There is a certain cost-benefit trade off with tactical search lights. On the positive, they are effective at dazzling opposing forces (f.e. naval assaults in both world wars). On the negative, they can be target sources for close range artillery (eg shoulder launched heavy arms). Perhaps the machines found the lights helped more than harmed.
    – bishop
    Dec 4 '18 at 23:47
4

Even if you can see into the far infrared, to identify objects by their own natural heat glow, it is much easier to distinguish objects if they are well illuminated. Skynet presumably made a cost-benefit analysis and decided that its robots would be more successful with spotlights; the lights make it easier for the hunter-killers to spot their prey, although at the same time, they make the HK's themselves easier targets. Whether it makes sense to include lights depends on the details of the situation.*

Moreover, this cost-benefit analysis may have been completed at an earlier stage of the Judgement Day conflict, before John Connor had organized an effective resistance to the machines. Skynet may have a lot of hunter-killers that were optimized for combat against a relatively passive human population. Although they are less useful against Connor's well-trained forces, they remain in service until they are destroyed.

(*Actually, it seems like the optimal solution would really be to use narrow-band near infrared spotlights, which would be as good as visual light for illuminating the HK's targets, but which humans would not be able to see without night vision equipment. Maybe Skynet did not think of that until it was too late.)

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  • I think they are mainly fitted with spotlights because visually the spotlights on the machines look more menacing from a cinematographic sense despite them not making practical sense for the reason you stated. Spotlights for me conjure prisons, horror movies (flashlights), and the Berlin Wall, which are all dark and menacing associations.
    – Spartacus
    May 13 '18 at 0:14
  • 3
    @Spartacus That's presumably the out-of-universe reason, yes.
    – Buzz
    May 13 '18 at 2:50
2

Skynet's machine body designs are derivative, not innovative.

Although the first film (The Terminator, 1984) offers no explanation for the machines' use of spotlights that are visible to humans, later films(1) show that much of Skynet's "future war" technology follows closely from present-day designs created by humans. It may be that the visible-light spotlights on the hunter-killers are vestigial structures, left over from the original designs made by humans (with human biases) for direction by humans.

Examples:

The HK (Hunter-Killer) Tank (left; first appearance in The Terminator) seems to be a larger and more powerful version of the T-1 (right; first appearance in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines):

HK Tank T-1

Similary, the HK-Aerial (The Terminator) resembles an HK-Drone (Terminator 3)...

HK-Aerial HK-Drone

...and the T-1000 (Terminator 2: Judgment Day) resembles the T-1000 protoype (Terminator Genisys):

T-1000 Cyberdyne prototype T-1000

Even the iconic T-800 model 101 (The Terminator) and others portrayed by Arnold Schwarzenegger are based, in-universe, on the physical form of Sergeant Candy and the voice of an unnamed Cyberdyne employee (cut scene from Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines):

T-800 model 101 Sergeant Candy T-800 model 101 voice source


(1) The canonicity of these films may be questionable, but that's a topic for another discussion.

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  • 2
    A good answer. I think the current state of machine learning suggests that a system like Skynet might not be particularly innovative. Dec 4 '18 at 21:51
  • Interesting answer, but the military already has had night vision technology and thermal imaging technology for some time.
    – Spartacus
    Apr 30 '19 at 22:27

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