Though I can't find any proof of this, I would assume that they are too proud to be carnivorous. However, I also can't find anything about them eating any herbs or fruit from the Forbidden Forest.

Does anyone know what they eat?

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    They eat students who wander into the forest. Or at least I'm sure that's what the rumor is around Hogwarts. – Thunderforge Jun 22 '18 at 15:15
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    I don't have the book but I would guess that Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them has a note on centaurs' diet. – MissMonicaE Jun 22 '18 at 15:15
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    Given that they're archers one might suppose they hunt animals for food – Au101 Jun 22 '18 at 15:19
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    They eat UMBRIDGEs – TimSparrow Jun 22 '18 at 15:59
  • yes ofc how did i not think of that :P – Niffler Jun 22 '18 at 16:01

We don’t know - but it would be something found in the forests.

It’s never mentioned, either in the seven books or Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, what centaurs eat. The only way we can narrow the possibilities down is that centaurs live in forests, so it’d have to be something (whether plant, animal, or both) that exists in the forests they live in.

“The centaur is forest-dwelling. Centaurs are believed to have originated in Greece, though there are now centaur communities in many parts of Europe. Wizarding authorities in each of the countries where centaurs are found have allocated areas where the centaurs will not be troubled by Muggles; however, centaurs stand in little need of wizard protection, having their own means of hiding from humans.”
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them

However, there’s nothing that implies whether they’re carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores. Their lifestyle could indicate either. They respect nature, which could imply that they’re herbivores, but there are many cultures that respect nature but also eat meat. They’re skilled at archery, which could imply they hunt for food, but it could also be a method of defense - when we see them use their archery skills it’s in combat or to protect themselves from something they perceive as a threat.

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Philosopher's Stone Chapter 15

“That is because it is a monstrous thing, to slay a unicorn,” said Firenze. “Only one who has nothing to lose, and everything to gain, would commit such a crime. The blood of a unicorn will keep you alive, even if you are an inch from death, but at a terrible price. You have slain something pure and defenseless to save yourself, and you will have but a half-life, a cursed life, from the moment the blood touches your lips.”

This quote from a centaur (especially the part that I bolded) can easily imply that they would look askance at killing animals for food. If that is the case then they are presumably herbivores.

Elsewhere, the centaurs confirm that it is not only unicorns that they don't kill, rather they don't kill anything innocent:

Order of the Phoenix Chapter 30

“Nevertheless,” said Magorian calmly, “the slaughter of foals is a terrible crime... We do not touch the innocent.

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    i disagree, they're only talking about unicorns here man, they might view those as pure and defenseless but rabbits or the like could be completely different situation – Niffler Jun 22 '18 at 19:10
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    At best this answer confirms that they don't eat unicorn. – Valorum Jun 22 '18 at 19:11
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    ok now you have proved they wont hurt Children – Niffler Jun 22 '18 at 19:23
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    @Alex - Not really. A beast in the field is neither innocent nor virtuous. It's just a beast. – Valorum Jun 22 '18 at 19:39
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    Because to centaurs foals and children as synonyms they use it to refer to the young of intellegent spieces theirs and humans. They may also have a special place in their heart for other equines foals, but that does not prove they are vegetarians. – Sarriesfan Jun 22 '18 at 19:49

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