In the Avatar series (both The Last Airbender and Legend of Korra) I noticed that there seems to be a difference in how each bender produces their respective elements. A fire bender seems to be able to call fire at will and bend it. However, water benders are seen primarily bending water that is already near their person. Earth benders definitely can't produce their own earth-like materials in which to bend; they can really only manipulate their surroundings. And of course it seems that air benders simply use the air around them.

So my question is: how does each bender produce their element and how does it differ for each class of bending? For example: Why can a fire bender seem to call forth fire at will yet an earth bender has to use something in their surroundings?

  • 1
    Waterbenders can also use only water that already exists in their surroundings. See the episode there Katara had to use her own sweat.
    – svick
    Commented Jun 24, 2012 at 13:23
  • @svick you're right! I do remember that (also, that was an excellent episode). That makes me even more curious as to why firebenders can just call fire whenver they want. I don't remember it being explained through the course of the show, but I could just be forgetting.
    – spugsley
    Commented Jun 24, 2012 at 13:30
  • There was that one episode where Zuko was in an ice cave freezing his butt off, and could only firebend little puffs of warm air - you'd think that he would have done more if he could.
    – Tacroy
    Commented Jun 24, 2012 at 14:59
  • Water and fire can be created out of thin air, in the ATLA/TLOK universe as well as our universe, in a manner of speaking. Fire needs oxygen to burn. Then there's condensation
    – BCLC
    Commented Dec 4, 2015 at 14:28

7 Answers 7


You are correct in that Firebenders are the only Benders who can create their own element. Waterbenders must draw their water from around them, although they can get creative with this: notably, Katara bended with her own sweat, and Hama drew water from plants around her. Earthbenders also must have actual earth present to bend, or metal with a sufficient amount of impurity from the earth. Airbenders also appear to need outside air. Since we have seen no Airbenders in a vacuum, we can't really confirm that, but it makes sense.

Regarding Firebenders, they are able to produce their own flame. Why? For a very long time, Firebenders were taught that their rage and hatred fueled their Fire. When Zuko abandons his anger towards the Avatar and begins to help him, his Fire dissipated pathetically. In the episode "The Firebending Masters," they learned that Firebending isn't just about hatred or outside heat; it is about energy and life force.

Aang: All this time, I thought firebending was destruction. Since I hurt Katara, I've been too afraid and hesitant. But now I know what it really is... it's energy, and life.

Zuko: Yeah. It's like the Sun, but inside of you.

Fire is a manifestation of energy being spent. By focusing their energy, they can create Fire, which is ultimately an expression of energy. The cold can dampen Fire, as can the loss of the Sun's energy. A comet brings even more energy close by to draw from.

Lightningbending, the subset of Firebending, is a true manifestation of control over energy. Zuko was unable to master it because his rage was uncontrolled, as was most Firebenders. Azula was a master at it, just as she was a master of manipulating and controlling her emotions (this can also be seen in her skill at lying, which was undetectable even to Toph) to achieve her desired result. In the episode "Bitter Work," Iroh gives this explanation of Lightningbending:

Iroh: Lightning is a pure expression of firebending, without aggression. It is not fueled by rage or emotion the way other firebending is. Some call lightning the cold-blooded fire. It is precise and deadly, like Azula. To perform the technique requires peace of mind.

Zuko: I see. That's why we're drinking tea: To calm the mind.

Iroh: Oh yeah, good point! I mean, yes.

Iroh: There is energy all around us. The energy is both yin and yang; positive energy and negative energy. Only a select few firebenders can separate these energies. This creates an imbalance. The energy wants to restore balance and in a moment the positive and negative energy come crashing back together. You provide release and guidance, creating lightning.

In short, Firebenders can produce their own Fire because it comes from within their souls. Whether fueled by energized rage or by focused positive energy, Fire comes from within. Having the ability to balance your energy perfectly unlocks the most powerful Firebending art: Lightningbending.

  • So what you're saying is, firebenders can firebend because they're hot-blooded?
    – Tacroy
    Commented Jun 25, 2012 at 15:44
  • This answer could b more complete by adding Iroh's speech from Bitter Work about generating and bending lightning.
    – Aarthi
    Commented Jun 25, 2012 at 17:13
  • @Aarthi Good suggestion. I couldn't remember what episode that was in, so I tried to summarize it. I'll copy in a quote. Commented Jun 25, 2012 at 17:23
  • @GabeWillard Ha, I just watched that episodes, which is why I knew it.
    – Aarthi
    Commented Jun 25, 2012 at 17:23
  • Hama can condensate water from air, right?
    – BCLC
    Commented Dec 4, 2015 at 14:28

I'm amazed that a three-year-old question hasn't addressed the most obvious answer to this topic:

Firebenders rely their environment, just like everyone else

Gabe's answer is partially correct, in that the internal state (emotions, discipline, etc) of a Firebender has a great impact on their ability to Firebend. However, we see that this is true with other benders as well: until Aang summoned a certain amount of stubbornness, he couldn't Earthbend, and until Korra learned to "be the leaf," she couldn't Airbend. Firebenders draw their "energy" from within, but only in a meditative, spiritual, and emotional sense.

No bender can create anything, even fire, from nothing. They draw it from their environment.

But without a source, they're powerless.

The power of Firebending, as in the actual energy that is erupting into flame, is dependent on the ambient heat/warmth sources around the bender in question. Firebenders consistently become weaker (or even lose their bending entirely) when cut off from sources of warmth and fire, and they are super-charged when near great sources of heat and energy.

We see this demonstrated again and again, throughout the franchise:

  • During the Siege of the North, it is established that Firebenders are stronger during the daytime, when they can draw power from the Sun. It is explicitly stated that Waterbenders, who are more influenced by the Moon, are more powerful at night.


  • During the Day of Black Sun, a global solar eclipse, Firebenders lose their bending entirely. When the single greatest source of planetary warmth is blocked, Firebenders are powerless.

    black sun

  • Every 100 years, Firebenders become super-charged due to the presence of Sozin's Comet. The animations make it clear that Sozin's Comet is a HUGE ball of fire, big enough to light up the entire planet a deep red for hours at a time. It's no coincidence that the presence of a huge source of fire influences the benders of that element.

    enter image description here

  • At the same moment, during the liberation of Ba Sing Se, Iroh says "Only once every hundred years can a firebender experience this kind of power." Note that language: he's experiencing the power, feeling it as an external source or event, it's not "generate this kind of power" or "create this kind of power."


  • When faced with the task of imprisoning a powerful Firebender, P'Li's jailers locked her in an ice-prison. Zuko specifically says "the extreme cold prevents her from Firebending," and P'Li herself notes "I've waited thirteen years to feel this warm" just before she bends for the first time.

    That's the key: she'd already been freed and unchained, but she still couldn't bend until Zuko's dragon breathed fire at her. As soon as there was warmth nearby, she could bend again.


...it's just harder to see.

Think about fire, in real life. It's not a single thing. It can be different colors based on what's burning, radically different temperatures, or even completely invisible (such as Hydrogen fires). Embers can radiate plenty of heat to burn you, without any visible fire coming from it. A flame is simply what happens when the heat grows intense enough in one spot that matter and particulates in the air begin to glow.

Fire is a function of the concentration of heat.

Perhaps a more accurate name for Firebenders would be "warmth-benders" or "heat-benders", but ultimately they work just like the other three nations: they move and gather their element. In the case of Firebenders, they gather ambient heat, and usually produce the effect of erupting flames in the process.

But they're not generating flames, so much as they are bending heat, which tends to produce visible flames as a side-effect.

In fact, Waterbenders can work the same way.

Generally, when we see benders work, they are moving visible quantities of an element from one place to another. But there is another example of someone "producing" their element, seemingly out of nothing: Hama the Bloodbender demonstrates the ability to pull water from any living thing, gathering a substantial (and deadly) amount of water from a field of flowers.


This is the perfect illustration of Firebending: just as Hama isn't "creating" water, she's simply gathering small amounts together from across a wide area, so Firebenders can't "create" fire, they simply gather the ambient heat around them and concentrate it.

But without even those minor sources of water, Hama is powerless, just like P'Li was powerless in her ice prison.

One Final Note

This idea, of Firebenders "breaking the rules" by creating fire instead of bending it, was one of the things that M Night Shyamalan changed in his ill-fated movie adaptation The Last Airbender.


In that film, Firebenders are generally only shown bending fire from something, like a nearby campfire. When Iroh demonstrates the ability to actually create fire, seemingly from nothing, the nearby soldiers react with amazement.


But, as in so many other ways, M Night had misunderstood his source material: Firebenders don't create heat, they bend it, and in the process they make fire.

  • 5
    I was tempted to give you a -1 for mentioning the live-action movie, but overall it's a good answer so... +1.
    – Omegacron
    Commented Apr 24, 2015 at 20:14

Firebenders draw their power from heat, and in worst case can use the heat of nearby living objects -- including themselves -- as the source of their bending arts. This is, obviously, not ideal, as seen in the episode w/ Zuko in the ice cave, where his body temperature dropping affected his bending ability.

In general, though, the firebenders draw power from solar objects that give off heat and light -- including the sun, moon, and comets. As long as there is any source of heat around, the firebender can bend it into actual flames (or lightning). Again, note that Zuko, in a cave without access to direct sunlight, was hampered in his bending ability.

Speculating on why firebending appears unique in this regard:

So far, we have not seen any other bender art use their own internal resources to fuel their arts (though, as mentioned in the comments, Katara came close). Given that the human body is mostly water and air, it would seem like a logical step. However, we should also consider that the human body naturally radiates heat, so it may be "safer" to use up your internal heat reserves -- which will replenish -- than drain your body of fluids or your lungs of air.


That's because Firebenders don't create fire. They create and channel heat. Zuko melted the ice underwater while holding his breath in the Northern Water Tribe. Iroh warmed his tea in Ba Sing Se without a flame. Sozin cooled off the lava by redirecting the heat. Firebenders holding fire so close would burn them without redirecting heat away from their skin. What is fire? It's a gas that's hot enough to give off visible photons. Azula's fire is blue because it's hotter. Lightning is just really really hot. Hot enough to form a fully ionized plasma channel through the air.

Some people think Firebenders can't bend in really cold climates like an ice box. Iroh disproves that. It's just most firebenders don't understand breath control. Zuko was able to bend in the freezer at the prison due to Iroh's teachings.

A side note. Not canon just head canon and physics. The reason people are not often burned when fighting Firebenders is because Firebenders use short bursts of flame. Rarely are streams of fire sustained, and whenever there are sustained streams of fire, it doesn't make contact with anyone. Even though the fire is hot, it's not enough to burn you with the very short amount of time you're exposed. Anyone can harmlessly wave their exposed arm through a raging bonfire. I've done it plenty of times. Anyone can plunge their hand in boiling water. Its about duration.

The reason people are thrown back from fire bursts is the air goes from 60°F to 75°F all the way to 3600°F or so in a split second before the much higher pressure due to temperature rapidly expands the air. The rapid expansion cools the gas and pushes you back.

Hope this helps.

  • 1
    The question asked why and how Firebenders are able to produce fire, when other benders can only control the elements already around them. Your answer asserts that Firebenders produce heat rather than fire, but that begs the question, why and how are they able to do that; a question you haven't attempted to answer. If you're going to post an answer, please focus on answering the actual question, rather than on providing a related commentary. Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 1:00
  • The question asked how do firebenders call forth fire at will when other benders cant produce an element. I answered that. Firebenders dont produce fire they produce and channel heat. Heat is around them and inside them. "but that begs the question, why and how are they able to do that" its wuxia thats how. Commented Aug 2, 2021 at 10:46

Really Iroh said they draw their fire from the oil in their blood but that was countered by the lion turtles giving fire to no benders without oil in their blood so I think it was passed down in generations


The reason that fire benders can produce fire is because the release an exeptional amount of heat when they bend. The heat + surrounding air = fire.


Fire Benders draw their power from any surrounding fire, very few can use their Chi to generate their own fire,

Water Benders control water anywhere around them, including moisture in the air or as in the series, in people's bodies.

Air Benders obviously are surrounded by their element Air and can in theory remove air from a persons lungs.

Earth Benders can control the earth beneath their feet, Toph also learnt to bend metal which is not normal unless there was enough impurities in it, Toph actually beat this restriction.

obviously all benders are affected by certain earthly and heavenly bodies, Waterbenders are affected by the moon as the moon causes tides and therefore affects water, Firebenders are weaker during an eclipse as the sun - a source of fire is reduced, and the comet being a flaming ball, promotes the firebending ability, There is no mention of the affecting source of airbending though. maybe during hurricane season they are stronger? who knows.

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