I'd probably agree with the answer above, but another possible answer is simply because they wanted to.
It's repeatedly shown that both the Weasley parents, and especially Molly, place a huge emphasis on family. Additionally, they married young, so had a lot of time.
‘It’s all this uncertainty with You-Know-Who coming back, people think they
might be dead tomorrow, so they’re rushing all sorts of decisions
they’d normally take time over. It was the same last time he was
powerful, people eloping left right and centre –'
‘Including you and Dad,' said Ginny slyly.
‘Yes, well, your father and I were made for each other, what was the
point in waiting?' said Mrs Weasley. - Half-Blood Prince
Mrs Weasley is repeatedly shown to care about family above all else. Just a few examples - her Boggart was bad things happening to her family:
‘No!’ Mrs Weasley moaned. ‘No ... riddikulus! Riddikulus! RIDDIKULUS!’
Crack. Dead twins. Crack. Dead Percy. Crack. Dead Harry ... - Order of the Phoenix
When Percy "deserted" the family, she showed continued upset at the breakup of her family:
'Mum's crying again,' said Fred heavily. 'Percy sent back his Christmas jumper.' - Order of the Phoenix
The only time we see her violent is when her family is threatened:
‘NOT MY DAUGHTER, YOU BITCH!’ Mrs Weasley threw off her cloak as she ran, freeing her arms.
I'd argue that all the signs point to the Weasleys simply wanting a large family, or at least, Molly wanting a large family and Arthur being willing.
It's maybe also worth mentioning that there are 11 years between Bill and Ginny. Since the Weasley children were homeschooled until the age of 11, the costs of raising 7 children were potentially still quite low until they attend Hogwarts and have to start buying supplies, books, etc. The timing of Bill starting Hogwarts would be when they stopped having children.