I have commonly heard that people think the lead is Filipino.
I read Starship Troopers and recall the main character living in Buenos Aires before shipping out for military service.
I recall later in the book there's dialog between Juan and another marine. In typical Heinlein style, it's not perfectly clear who's saying what because he doesn't use the "so-and-so said" style. In this ambiguous conversation it's revealed that one of the two's native language is Tagalog. From context, I just assumed that was the other marine since Juan has gone the whole book appearing to be from Argentina.
Can someone cite textual evidence from the book or word of Heinlein (ideally both) to support the notion that Juan is Filipino?