Richard Matheson's brilliant 1954 novel I Am Legend takes place between January 1976 and January 1979, with several flashbacks to 1975, when the vampire plague began to spread.

Throughout the novel, there are several references to a "war" which, the way I read it, likely happened less than ten years before the events.

“Oh, it means they're . . . changing [the insects]. Suddenly. Jumping over dozens of small evolutionary steps, maybe developing along lines they might not have followed at all if it weren’t for . . .”
“The bombings?” she said.
“Maybe,” he said.
“Well, they’re causing the dust storms. They’re probably causing a lot of things.”
She sighed wearily and shook her head.
“And they say we won the war,” she said.
“Nobody won it.”

I Am Legend, chapter 8

Robert Neville is born in 1940, give or take a year (as he's described as being thirty-six in the first chapter, which takes place in 1976). Thus, the war he refers to when talking with Ruth is unlikely to be one of the latest major wars the year 1954 had faced (World War Two, Korean War).

“I don't know about you. As for me, while I was stationed in Panama during the war I was bitten by a vampire bat. [...]”

I Am Legend, chapter 17

I understand the novel was written at the beginning of the Cold War, shortly after the first thermonuclear bombing test (known as Ivy Mike, 1952) and the Korean War (1950-1953). I guess that setting the story in the future was the most logical way to introduce a new "war" and its aftermath, while still appealing to 1954's concerns.

However, I wonder whether a politician/newspaper/rumour may have predicted a new war to end specifically in the mid-70s, or if these years were supposed to be some technologic turnaround (relevant to the novel's plot), or anything like that, which would justify the timeline.

Has Richard Matheson ever stated whether the late 70s were meant to have a historical significance (or any kind of significance)? Or why he specifically chose the 70s over, say, the 80s-90s?

I'm mainly looking for a statement from Richard Matheson himself, but as always, educated guesses are welcomed.

If it's of any help, here's a Paint-drawn timeline of the events described above:

real-world timeline and novel timeline

  • A war that ended in the mid 1970s, like the Vietnam War? – Jack B Nimble Nov 1 '18 at 17:05
  • @JackBNimble yep, but as far as I know, while the Vietnam war may have been already brewing by 1954, it did not "officially" began before 1955. However if someone had predicted such a war to "last for two decades" or something, and Matheson/the general public being aware of that quote, now that would be an interesting find. – Jenayah Nov 1 '18 at 17:08
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    @Jenayah There is always the possibility that the real answer is the simplest. 20 years, give or take, is close enough to be familiar but far enough (timewise) that you can plausibly introduce dramatic changes to the setting. 1954 saw the fall of Dien Ben Phu, the partition of the country, and eventually, the negotiated withdrawal of French forces. The US had been providing "covert" assistance to the French during the conflict but the transition to the American phase had begun. No one imagined how history was going to unfold. – Mike B Nov 1 '18 at 19:41
  • @MikeB that's true, of course; especially since the novel doesn't introduce especially new tech or turnarounds in society. I'm still not excluding the possibility of a "Word of God" statement, though :) – Jenayah Nov 1 '18 at 19:47
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    Not enough for an answer, but 2 notes from while I was googling around: Matheson said, "Pretty much the main character is always me. The man in I Am Legend is me." And note that for a book set in a fallen America, "1976 was the American bicentennial" (the same article also notes, "the technology... is essentially that of 1950s America"). – drewbenn Nov 1 '18 at 23:57

This is a standard technique for science fiction: you set something a few decades into the future so that the culture isn't likely to be too unfamiliar to the reader/viewer, and yet there's enough time for there to be the changes and events you want to set up to set the scene for the story you're telling.

2001: A Space Odyssey came out in 1968, giving a 30-odd year margin for the technological advances seen in the film while still having familiar things like clothing, Soviet-American relations, and so on. Star Trek in 1966 had Khan Noonien Singh involved in the Eugenics Wars in the 1990s. Space:1999 was filmed in 1975-1977, and so on.

TVTropes has many examples under the topic "20 Minutes into the Future"

In this particular case, Matheson employed the same technique: most of the readers of the story in the 1950s could reasonably expect to be alive in the 1970s, so the society could be anticipated to be familiar but yet there's time for a big event such as an unspecified world war (or at least a major one) to take place to make the backdrop.

  • I'm aware of the trope, and though while it may only be me not growing up when said trope began to be rather common occurence, as they stand right now I'll admit I prefer the other answer, which gives more "historical" context to it, especially when it comes to war backgrounds. In any case it's a good think to be reminded of the trope! – Jenayah Nov 1 '18 at 23:02
  • @Jenayah it's a case of the simpler answer being the more likely. Everyone did it, therefore Matheson didn't need a terribly deep reason to do it. – hobbs Nov 2 '18 at 19:49

By 1954 the cold war was already in full swing. The US had already begun the nuclear arms race and the soviet union was following quickly - their first A-bomb detonated 1949. 1952 the US detonated the first H-Bomb. The world was taken by surprise when the Soviets did the same 1953.

So, a keen observer, as Science Fiction authors usually are, would see two opposing super powers, both creating a weapon unlike anything created before - based on e.g. the gap between WW1 and WW2 and the progress the two powers were making one could make an educated guess when things might escalate and end up somewhere in the 60ies, 70ies.

Incidentally, this was a pretty good guess, as people were deeply worried at that time about a nuclear war with some pretty close situations (from Cuba Crisis 1962 up to Petrow’s keen judgement 1983).

  • Good point on SF authors being observant (especially less than a decade after WW2), and it being rather a good guess. I wonder if he ever commented on that. – Jenayah Nov 1 '18 at 23:07

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