In Rendezvous with Rama, Commander Bill Norton makes the following comment:
“The Haunted Asteroid”: why had that phrase popped up from the depths of memory? Then he recalled a silly story he had read years ago, but thought it best not to ask Rodrigo if he had ever seen it. He doubted if the other’s tastes ran to that sort of reading.
I've found three references to what this story might be:
- Donald A. Wollheim's Asteroid 745: Mauritia (1953)
- Henry Kuttner's What Hath Me? (1946)
- Arnold Drake's 'Haunted Asteroid'(1977) The Enterprise Logs #3 (Gold Key Comics reprint)
However, I have not been able to find what Clarke was referring to specifically.