I had a colouring book in the 80's about an alien species who build a beautiful civilisation... that destroys all nature on their home world. They realize too late what they have lost.
This sounds somewhat similar to “The Wump World”, a picture book by Bill Peet.
Alien people land on a beautiful grassy world filled with meadows and trees, and tear it all up to build cities, roads, and endless concrete and smog.
The poor cute Wumps flee to survive in caves, until the aliens have consumed all natural resources on the planet and completely covered it in city.
Finally, the polluting aliens all leave in spaceships to find a new world to exploit, and the Wumps emerge and find the last small patch of grass on the planet.
The last picture is of a Wump looking at a new shoot growing up through the concrete and smiling.