Iron Man ended with the Black Sabbath song of the same name, and now Captain Marvel ended with "Celebrity Skin" over the credits. I can't recall off-hand if any other of the films have used already-known songs the start of the credit roll, as opposed to new music as part of the score.
They sure have!
Iron Man 2, unlike most other MCU movies, doesn't have a fancy animated credit sequence, but AC/DC’s Highway to Hell plays over its last scene and continues into the credits.
Guardians of the Galaxy also doesn't have a fancy animated credit sequence*, but I Want You Back by the Jackson 5 plays over the “The Guardians of the Galaxy will return” screen and the pre-credits scene, where newborn Groot appears to dance to it.
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 does the same with Surrender by Cheap Trick (although it continues over the credits), and later we hear both Flash Light by Parliament, and Guardians Inferno (featuring cast member David Hasselhoff).
The animated credits for Spider-Man: Homecoming feature Blitzkrieg Bop by The Ramones.
Black Panther's animated credits have All the Stars by Kendrick Lamar and SZA. It's from the soundtrack, but it was released as a single about six weeks before the movie came out.
* Guardians does have I'm Not in Love by 10cc over its opening flashback, and has a title card and credits early on in the movie, backed by Come and Get Your Love by Redbone. Guardians 2 follows a similar pattern with Brandy (You're a Fine Girl) by Looking Glass and Mr Blue Sky by ELO respectively.