I've been struggling to remember the title of this book - this could be multiple books mixed together. I read it about 10 years ago, but it could be far older.
Short synopsis based on what I remember: Young man who commits a crime (gang-related?) and is exiled to Mars to a penal colony.
Characters wear air tags or badges that they must renew to continue breathing, which change color over time. The main character works for a small vendor (canned food?) for a while instead of signing onto one of the large mining companies.
He eventually goes on to start his own freehold and grows crops inside a greenhouse after finding suitable ice and other supplies, and ends up interested in the daughter of another freeholder.
The remainder of the novel centers around a revolution staged by the main character and her father, where they gather people and equipment to revolt (including taking down or taking over transport rockets and a power plant).
There many be some kind of scientific motivation (generating an atmosphere?) as well as the anti-government anti-corporation agenda.