In season 2, episode 6 "The Sound of Thunder",
Discovery visits Saru's home planet and directly interferes with the balance of power on the planet. Two sentient species evolved on the planet - Saru's species (the Kelpians) and the Ba'ul. It was revealed that Saru's species undergo an evolution process which renders them extremely violent. In the past, the Ba'ul were almost entirely wiped out by this evolution.
To save their own species, the Ba'ul set up a religion ("the great balance") which allowed the Kelpians to live full, rich lives until they reached the point that they evolve into the apex predator at which point they were euthanized. Previously on the show, it is revealed that Saru can run at ridiculously fast speeds. In this episode it is revealed that Kelpians have extreme physical strength and the ability to fire lethal projectiles at their victims. Saru has been acting with extreme rage and irrationality since he found out the truth about their evolution. General order one prevents starfleet from making contact with non-warp capable species.
So how are the federation justified in
Totally, radically and permanently adjusting the entire delicate political balance established on Kaminar, leaving the Ba'ul basically defenseless against their more primative and physically superior predators?
It strikes me that:
If Saru was a Ba'ul and Discovery visited Kaminar, Discovery would not have intervened for fear of wiping out an entire sentient species by their actions. Indeed the Kelpians were saved by Deus Ex Red Angel. How did Saru and Pike avoid court-martial for the near destruction of the Kelpian species, and the potentially violent upheaval in the society of the Ba'ul and Kelpians? How did their actions not go against every single value that the Federation holds dear? Were there any other similar incidents on other starships that caused such a dramatic social upheaval that were not initiated in defense of a crew member?