This is a stretch, but Isaac Asimov's Foundation had the concept of a "personal capsule" but this was more of a physical, "eyes-only" message on self-destructing tape, not data to be read by a computer (visiplate) per se.
However, this was data separate from things communicated via "ultrawave" which is apparently how most communication occurred.
This was mentioned in "The Traders" which was first published in October 1944 (published collectively as Foundation in 1951).
"…so they sent me out after you with this."
The tiny, gleaming sphere changed hands, and Gorm added, "It's confidential. Super-secret. Can't be trusted to the sub-ether and all that. Or So I gather. At least its a Personal Capsule, and won't open for anyone but you."
Ponyets regarded the capsule…
It opened in his hand and the thin, transparent tape unrolled stiffly. His eyes swept the message quickly, for when the last of the tape had emerged, the first was already brown and crinkled. In a minute and a half it had turned black and, molecule by molecule, fallen apart.
Ponyets grunted hollowly, "Oh, Galaxy!"