At least as far as movies are concerned, I do not think I have encountered in my watching experience a monster similar to the one in Jeepers Creepers, that is motivated by the need to replace worn-out or damaged body parts.
This accounts even for its reason for deliberately frightening its potential victims.
This body-part replacement also provided a scene (the javelin/head scene) that was I thought was pretty impressive.
Seems to me the closest ideas are found in The Thing and maybe I was a Teenage Frankenstein but in the former, the idea is pretty different and in the latter, it is not nearly as explored.
What was the first movie or story with such a monster?
If someone can actually find even a self-published story that predates Jeepers Creepers, that would be of interest.