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This question already has an answer here:

What crimes are punished with sentences in Azkaban? Or what must be proved in a trial to merit a stay in Azkaban other than murder?

marked as duplicate by Rand al'Thor May 18 at 19:38

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It is really the Wizengamot who decides whether a crime was heinous enough to merit time in Azkaban. So, truly, any crime could result in Azkaban if the court deems it to be.

However, here are just a couple moments from the series which may help.

Unforgivable Curses

Moody: Earn you a one-way ticket to Azkaban.

From movie script of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Breaking and Entering

Podmore was arrested by Ministry of Magic watchwizard Eric Munch, who found him attempting to force his way through a top- security door at one o’clock in the morning. Podmore, who refused to speak in his own defence, was convicted on both charges and sentenced to six months in Azkaban.

From Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (book)

Opening the Chamber of Secrets

“For a short stretch only,” said Fudge, not meeting Hagrid’s eyes. “Not a punishment, Hagrid, more a precaution. If someone else is caught, you’ll be let out with a full apology —”

“Not Azkaban?” croaked Hagrid.

From Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (book)

  • Ouch! Going to Azkaban for Breaking and Entering is a bit rough... – Rebel-Scum May 18 at 19:37
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    @Rebel-Scum Agreed, but that was at the time that they were trying to neutralize the Order. – voldemortswrath--inp.repl.co May 18 at 19:37

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