As we see in The Mandalorian, the Empire had quite the reserve of Beskar:
A random imperial bureaucrat (as it seems at the moment) has enough of it for the Mandalorian to create a whole armour. It would've been easy for Vader to get enough to make his armour of it. Why did Vader instead use Durasteel?
From the Star Wars Fandom wiki entry on Vader's armour:
Vader's pectoral armor appeared to be one piece that protected his entire upper torso. The durasteel material was gray in hue with several black vertical stripes. Around the neck of the full-shoulder pauldron was a black chain, and connected to the upper seam of the armor w1as Vader's black, flowing, nearly floor-length armorweave cape.
Especially since parts of it were made of Beskar, according to DVK-on-Ahch-To's answer to this question about whether Vader's armor is lightsaber-proof.
The only detailed information about lightsaber proof parts we have are Vader's gloves. They were (According to "Darth Vader's suit" on Databank) indeed made with micronized Mandalorian Iron that was proof against lightsabers and (as seen in Han shooting him on Bespin) blasters.