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Is any reference made anywhere in Tolkien's novels about the number of Balrogs in existence after the demise of the Balrog of Moria? Since Balrogs are described as powerful magical entities that even Gandalf feared, I am assuming that they were created specifically by Morgoth, rather than being a natural species that extend their existence via procreation.

Is there any documentation of a specific number of Balrogs in existence at any one time or any details as to what they specifically are?

  • I don't recall them being specifically numbered in the Silmarillion. – Gorchestopher H Aug 23 '12 at 19:08
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    The Balrogs were fallen Maiar, so they were neither natural species nor created by Morgoth. – Stephen Collings Aug 23 '12 at 19:16
  • It's probably not fair to say that Gandalf "feared" the Balrog, so much as he realistically saw it for the threat & obstacle that it was - both to him as well as his party. – Omegacron Aug 4 '15 at 20:17
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Balrog1 are Maiar2 that were "scourges of fire". They were seduced by the evil Vala Melkor(Morgoth)3, who corrupted them to his service in the days of his splendour before the making of Arda.

"Is there any documentation of a specific number of Balrogs in existence at any one time or any details as to what they specifically are?"

The specific number is never mentioned, and it is also not mentioned that the Balrog of Moria is the last. This essay explains how the number of Balrogs has changed since they were first written about by Tolkien. While Christopher Tolkien has written seven as the final number, there are instances in canon where they are described as thousands. Additionally the Quenta Silmarillion describes how

"The Balrogs were destroyed, save some few that fled and hid themselves in caverns inaccessible at the roots of the earth."

Which may indicate that there were more than just the one left in Middle Earth.

The Timeline of Arda4 mentions only the Dagor Dagorath5(Last Battle) after the events in the Lord of the Rings, and does not make any mention of Balrogs participating in it.

  • Perhaps we can say that there were originally thousands, but after they were destroyed, only seven remained. Which would mean there are six left after Gandalf killed the one in Moria. – Omegacron Aug 4 '15 at 20:19
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Yes.

The number of balrogs has changed in Tolkien's mind. In the beginning they were thousands of them, and they were quite weak. For instance when Feanor is surrended by balrogs, Tolkien thought them as far weaker and numerous than in later writings, such as the LotR.

Morgoth flees from Valinor with the Silmarils, the magic gems of Feanor, and returns into the Northern World and, rebuilds his fortress of Angband beneath the Black Moun- tain, Thangorodrim. He devises the Balrogs and the Orcs. The Silmarils are set in Morgoth's iron crown

It is notable that the Balrogs were still at this time, when The Lord of the Rings had been completed, conceived to have existed in very large numbers (Melkor sent forth 'a host of Balrogs');

That's quotes from the History of Middle-Earth.

In the end he decided that they were seven of them.

In the last version, the Balrogs are maiar who were attracted by Morgoth's power and corrupted by him. So they do not reproduce (only Melian among the maiar did), nor were they created by Morgoth.

Orcs are beasts and Balrogs corrupted Maiar.

Note that we only know the number of balrogs through Christopher Tolkien, who compiled his father's writing. However it's quite obvious when reading the Similarion that they grow stronger. At some earlier versions there are entire armies of balrogs, which would be ridiculous were they as powerful as shown in Lotr.

All those info come from Home, which is not completely canonical as not approved for publication by Tolkien.

Edit1: see Lost Tales, Part II, "The Fall of Gondolin"

Edit2: There is some commentary in the Lost Tales about the number of balrogs, but nothing about the number seven. If anyone knows where is the exact quote, plz edit the answer.

Edit3: I have it!

'a host of Balrogs, the last of his servants that remained' ) 'his Balrogs, the last of his servants that remained faithful to him'. In the margin my father wrote: 'There should not he supposed more than say 3 or at most 7 ever existed.'

From Home. It's written by Tolkien but never published.

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    I updated my answer with a reference to an essay on precisely how many Balrog's there were. The seven quote was from Christopher Tolkien, "...in a late note my father said that only very few ever existed - 'at most seven'." Though this isn't backed up in canon, and there are publications of works later than the quote which categorically place the number well over seven. – NominSim Aug 23 '12 at 20:26
  • I know it was from C.Tolkien, it's in my answer. And yes there is no official number. Yet "thousands" and "armies", as pure canon says, in not compatible with Lotr. – user8252 Aug 23 '12 at 20:28
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    Doubtful if Gothmog was stronger than Sauron: see HoME X, Myths Transformed, "Orcs" essay: "Melkor had corrupted many spirits - some great, as Sauron, or less so, as Balrogs". – user8719 Mar 15 '13 at 21:34
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    Not all Balrogs are created equal! Also why can't they develop throughout their lives, why can't Sauron have gotten stronger? Are creatures in the Tolkien universe completely set in stone from birth to death with their abilities, strengths and weaknesses? – Jeff Mar 31 '13 at 17:43
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    @Jeff: Agree, on both points. As they kill good guys, wouldn't they level up? ;-) Seriously, though, Middle Earth changes, and the powers in it change along with it. By LotR, the elves were waning, the dwarves dwindling away, the ents dying off, etc. No reason that balrogs couldn't also increase or decrease (esp. w/ One Ring being so close). – dmm Nov 8 '13 at 22:42

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