I'm looking for a standalone novel in English aimed at a teen audience. I read it in print between about 2010 and 2016 and it was relatively recently published at the time. I believe the cover had a tornado on the front as well as a vehicle.
A teenage girl moves with her father to somewhere in the midwest of the United States. By this point in the future (I think it was around the 2030s?) the Midwest was quite desolate due to the effects of massive tornadoes. The only human populations left were sheltered by large barriers and tornado-deflection devices created by the megacorporation that her father was moving to work for. They reach the headquarters of this company, which is entirely secured via fingerprint scanners. I believe the dad is relatively separated from his daughter throughout the rest of the book. While I can't describe the entire plot, I can describe some incidents.
At one point, the protagonist sneaks into one of the corporation's labs and sees them experimenting with a scale model of the surrounding areas. In the model, the corporation could create tornadoes at will and move them in any direction. This serves as a demonstration that the corporation had figured out how to create tornadoes and make them stronger than normal, not just deflect them, and were using them to gain more power over the area and government while attributing them to climate change.
Near the end of the novel, the protagonist also realizes that not everything is secured by fingerprint - there are a number of manual locks around. She figures out that the mastermind of this plan to control tornadoes, a woman who is a publicly(?) disgraced former director of the company, actually still controls the company's technology. She confronts her and the director makes a remark at some point during the confrontation about how the only way to go undercover was to eliminate all previously-used identifiers, which included her fingerprints.
The corporation may have been ramping up the size of their generated tornadoes faster than they planned or have lost control of the tornadoes, but I don't really remember which. The book also may have included better smartphones than the ones available today, but did not call them smartphones.