I believe this may be Survival of the Sword King based on that a very similar question was asked, and answered with this work, here.
Ryu Han-Bin was a normal person who just had been discharged from his mandatory military service, when he was transported to another world. Left to fend for himself, he was given the goal of surviving and growing stronger in a desolute world riddled with monsters. The problem is the 'Guideline' that was supposed to be his guiding system to survive is filled with errors.
Ryu is sucked into a world named Thelha Rath'na and told that he is the Chosen One (well, it shows him among an entire legion of "Chosen Ones" with the beings who brought him here chattily saying that with seven billion people to work with, they have been able to find many chosen ones, as well as referencing previous "Chosen Ones") before being dropped into a hellscape filled with Hell Dogs with a message that his goal is to survive and grow stronger in the world. His "Guideline" is noted to be glitched, but they assume that it's no problem because it's just one person. The turning point is fifth level, not fifteenth, and the Hell Dogs apparently scale with him. Early on, he is told that he only has a five percent chance of survival and is offered the chance to kill himself, but he decides to survive.
The reason why level five is so important is that that's when he can move to Thelha Rath'na proper and join with other "Chosen Ones". Level twenty is the point at which he's supposed to be moved to the main continent with his plot as Chosen One. I think it was about twenty years or so he was stuck there, but eventually the beings "realize" their error (they note that it's been long enough that they're on a new world, the fifth iteration, and a new crop of "Chosen Ones") and send him into the main world, thinking that with his Level four stats, he'll die quickly (there's a panel showing that all of his "New Game+" stats are hidden from view, but are in their thousands, compared to his visible double digit stats). He quickly bullies/befriends a blue dragon who explains a bit more of the world and why he needs to hide his true nature. The Chosen Ones are known as "Otherworlders" and are considered to be inhuman monsters who gain abilities faster than humanly possible, and have a tendency to slaughter everyone they encounter unless stopped immediately.
And indeed, he is "OP", to the point that he can't gain any more experience just fighting monsters because they're "merely" level 25. I've seen a few reviews where they commented that he's overpowered to the point that he doesn't show up in the latest chapters translated (somewhere around chapters 25-30) because he was solving too many problems too quickly.
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Found with a search for
isekai manga "level * resets"