I am trying to remember the name of a scifi book, the only thing I remember is that in the history of the book, there was a civilization in every geological period on earth. Unfortunately this is the only thing I remember, I read about it a long time ago, I already researched it and I couldn't find it.
If the periods are in the future (and eventually, involve other planets), this could be Last and First Men by Olaf Stapledon.
Last and First Men: A Story of the Near and Far Future is a "future history" science fiction novel written in 1930 by the British author Olaf Stapledon. A work of unprecedented scale in the genre, it describes the history of humanity from the present onwards across two billion years and eighteen distinct human species, of which our own is the first. The book employs a narrative conceit that, under subtle inspiration, the novelist has unknowingly been dictated a channelled text from the last human species.