So we're assuming a completely, 100% objective-focused Dumbledore, rather than one that cares for Harry, and maybe holds out hope for another way, or at least wants to preserve him as long as possible. Fine. We can do that.
If he wants, Dumbledore can arrange for Voldemort to find and kill Harry at any time. That part is easy, and no one (not even Voldemort) would ever know of Dumbledore's involvement. What's not so easy is finding the other horcruxes, or killing the part of Voldemort that remained in his body.
In allowing Harry to be killed earlier, Dumbledore loses a capable and motivated ally in hunting horcruxes, one who has already demonstrated a knack for dealing directly with Voldemort. He also loses a foil and distraction for Voldemort; time and energy Voldemort spends hunting Harry are resources he is not spending doing other things Dumbledore would need to counter.
In short, even aside from all the other feelings and motivations Dumbledore may have here, letting Harry die at this point is a poor strategic choice.