I have encountered Consciousness Backup/ Transfer technologies countless times in science fiction. Its purpose is achieving indirect immortality most of the time. Some examples on top of my head:

  • The main theme of Altered Carbon (2018) Netflix series is transfer of consciousness to a different biological body (for rich, that's even their own clone).

  • The Doctor saved River Song to The Library in Doctor Who (2005) episode Forest of the Dead (2008).

  • In Star Trek: Picard (2020) TV series, Picard's consciousness was transferred to a synth which looks like him. The same series also showed Data's consiousness saved into cyberspace.

Which Sci-Fi work first showed technology capable of consciousness backup/ transfer?

Bonus Question: Which Sci-Fi work first showed transfer of consiousness into one's clone (a subset of previous question)?

  • 1
    This is far too vague to be sensibly answered. On top of that, the concept of 'possession of others bodies' is clearly mythological
    – Valorum
    Commented Dec 6, 2020 at 21:59
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    Is this basically a question about mind uploading? If so, see scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/235125/… and my summary of "The Infinite Brain" from 1930...as for transferring consciousness into a clone, I don't know if it's the first, but an early example is The City and the Stars from 1956
    – Hypnosifl
    Commented Dec 6, 2020 at 22:01
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    @Hypnosifl likely has correct answer with with the link that mentions both the movie Metropolis 1927 or the story The Infinite Brain 1930. I was originally going to say the Great Race of Yith have been doing conciousness transfers to cheat death since 1936 - but that's likely not technological. Commented Dec 6, 2020 at 22:12
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    @DavidW Did you mean Van Vogt?
    – Spencer
    Commented Dec 6, 2020 at 22:21
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    @Umbrella Corporation - Not sure if this helps, but the Wiki entry on 'mind uploading' has a section on history that provides quite afew early links: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…
    – wcullen
    Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 20:51


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