This might be Sendokai Champions (2013-2014).
Zak, Cloe, Kiet and Fenzy are four unpopular kids from Earth who are not very good at sports. One day they find bracelets that have the power to transport them to another dimension. There they meet Tänpo, the master, who explains that the Zorn Empire is about to conquer the Multiverse. The Earth is in danger and, if they want to save it, there is only one way: they will have to overcome their weaknesses, learn the art of Sendokai to become warriors, and win the Great Sendokai Tournament of the Multiverse.
A group of four kids are transported to another dimension and drafted by a small, elderly alien, named Tänpo, to take part in a football-like tournament called Sendokai, which they need to win in order to prevent the Zorn Empire from conquering the Earth.
The main character, Zak, has spiky blond hair, and all four kids wear wristbands that allow them to transport back & forth between Earth and the other dimension/s, although Tänpo informs them that they must keep the tournament a secret from their parents.
Different balls are used in various episodes, but the ball they initially train with is a brown sphere surrounded by spherical teal enclosure. The kids gain powers in the other dimension/s, so all sorts of outlandish trick shots are possible.
Before any goals can be scored in the game though, the force field blocking the goal mouth must first be struck with the ball three times, at which point it vanishes. After that, a goal can be scored, and the first goal scored wins the game.