I read this short story (only 3 or 4 pages) about 1990 but I think it was an old anthology.
What I recall, there are a lot of native aliens on a planet Earth is colonising or mining, they are basically humanoid in form but they are walking vegetables.
The Earthmen are using them for a workforce but suddenly their numbers are declining, they're afraid of the jungle and are heading back to their homelands.
An Earth Investigator learns the natives are being found dead and drained of their sap. He concludes it's a vegetarian vampire.
They set a trap and kill him, the final line is "we buried him with a steak through his heart"