I remember reading this in maybe the late 1980s, and I have a strong inclination that it was Bradbury. I remember checking out a Bradbury collection and reading a bunch of those stories around that time. I'm sure I read "A Sound of Thunder," though I looked at the stories in Golden Apples of the Sun and I don't see anything there. I also looked at all the stories in The Illustrated Man, and don't see anything that looks right either.
I suppose the closest thing is "Kaleidoscope", but I don't see anything in that story about radio waves and TV broadcasts being trapped in a cloud.
I'm starting to think it's not Bradbury, and I had also picked up some random Sci-Fi anthology around the same time.
Added stuff I can think of (but not confirm):
It takes place in space. I think there is an astronaut of some description that encounters this cloud or possibly nebula. I think I remember that the transmissions somehow appear to the astronaut or astronauts and they go seeking them out to find out what it is. When they find it, they expect to find someone, like another human, but instead find that the cloud has "trapped" TV programs and radio programs inside it, and they are playing over and over like distant echoes, or possibly it's just receiving the signals very late after they were transmitted. I also have a weird memory that maybe they also found a dead guy in the cloud, but I'm not sure about that. I'm not 100% sure that I'm not conflating some stories here, but I am 100% sure about the "TV and radio transmissions trapped in the cloud," which is why I led with that. That's what I'm trying to figure out.
Ring any bells out there?