Sometime before 2008 I read a YA Novel set in a futuristic African city, near future with hover cars, I think the city was Johannesburg but I could be wrong.
The main characters were the three children of the police chief. I want to say one of them was a boyscout and that they were all very protected, not allowed to leave home without a guard. I seem to remember there was a big gang problem, one of the gangs had filed teeth, but it had been massively cut down by their father refusing to negotiate with the gangs.
The children get lost and end up running away and hiding in a failed kidnap attempt. The story is about them trying to get home without attracting the attention of gangs.
There was a private investigator who was described as being incredibly tall.
At one point the children go to a reserve in the middle of the city where people can go if they want to live a tribal life that is a no fly zone, while there one of the children helps deliver twins but the tribes people claim the first was a miscarriage for superstitious reasons. There was a crazy man who was the only person who could come and go from the reservation as he pleased.
At another point the children get captured by a rich woman and may have been put in a cage.
The children were black but that was not made obvious for the first few chapters.
I don't think it was related to any other works.
This is all from memory and may be wildly inaccurate or it could have just been a dream.