We've all seen this -- Battlestar Galactica space helmets have lights inside the helmet, illuminating the actor's face, so the audience can identify characters. So do the suits used on the surface of (later called) Acheron in Alien (1979) (well, they're mounted on top, outside the pressurized part, but they do shine on the face). I don't recall for sure, but this may have been the case with 2001: A Space Odyssey as well (it isn't; every image I could find of Bowman with his helmet on is well illuminated, but from outside the helmet), and it continues to the present day in The Expanse. We've got questions around about why these exist (out of universe, it's for character recognition, of course).
My question, however, is where did this trope appear first? I don't recall it when Kirk got trapped outside the Enterprise in "The Tholian Web" -- they used compositing, as I recall, to make him reconizable. It definitely appears in the first appearance of Galactica (theatric release before the series, 1978). Who had it earlier than that? Some schlock film of the 1950s, one of the serials of the 1930s?