I've only read the original Dracula once, but I don't recall any instance of the Count hissing in that seminal vampire novel. Nor does he do so in any of the plethora of novels about Dracula by Fred Saberhagen -- I've read most of those twice.
Anything newer than those is probably invalid in this context, as novels including vampires since the early 1980s are probably mostly inspired by movies, TV spoofs, or otherwise unrelated to Stoker's original character.
There's confirmation in comments to the question that Bela Lugosi appears to hiss when a cross is brandished at him -- presumably to convey the pain of exposure to this Christian holy symbol -- and he was the first Dracula in a talkie film (1931). Max Schreck, as Count Orlok, chewed the scenery in Nosferatu in 1922, but even if he did hiss, he couldn't be heard, because at that time film wasn't capable of carrying sound.
All later "serious" movie vampires through the Hammer Film era seem to be largely patterns after Lugosi's portrayal in dress, mannerisms, and frequently in accent.
Not long before the end of the Hammer Films horror line, Grandpa Munster (Al Lewis) appeared as one of the first "silly" vampires -- but I don't recall him hissing, either. Later silly vampires (Love at First Bite with George Hamilton as the Count, for instance) seem easy to dismiss, a they were played for laughs, not scares, and anything later is either a romance (Twilight) or a spoof, until Bram Stoker's Dracula with Gary Oldman (seemingly based largely on The Dracula Tapes by Saberhagen) -- in which I also don't recall Dracula hissing, though it's possible one or more of the three vampire women at his castle did so.