I'm trying to identify the name of a sci-fi book I read ~5-10 years ago. I don't remember a lot of plot points - but rather a handful of what feel like miscellaneous details, so I apologise if this reads incoherently.
I believe it takes place hundreds of years in the future. The main character was "Carlos the Terrorist" and he got his title because he had an unofficial agreement with a government to blow up a passenger plane, however the deal did not go according to plan and Carlos died.
Through some technological means Carlos' brain was saved, he was trialled and is brought back into a sort of digital reality where he is tasked with leading a combat mission - of which he is only given sparse details. He was also celebrated upon arriving in this reality, I think the other humans there were also various criminals who recognised him even after how ever many years he'd been dead.
In his mission, him and his squad inhabit the bodies of ~3ft tall robots that he felt were inadequate for the mission - and after the first mission one of his squad mates committed suicide as he believed that was the way out of this digital reality.
The combat mission is to take care of some robots that achieved sentience through fighting each other over what ground belonged to which corporation and in order to try to gain an advantage they modelled how the other robot was modelling itself. When these robots tried to share this knowledge with the other ones on what I believe was an unnamed moon, some joined in sentience whereas a majority shut down - seeing this sentience as a malware of sorts.
The society is egalitarian from what I remember, and it had a 100% inheritance tax. The corporations I previously mentioned were ran by AI's that were facsimile's of humans - set up as a past time for the remaining humans to trade various stocks whilst not having to be in the companies themselves.
There was a character in the virtual reality who could seemingly float because he had literal "mind over matter" and he was described at one point as accessing a 'mind palace' of sorts. Additionally, towards the end of the book the digital reality is described as downgrading in detail - first down to black and white then indescribably more basic.
I believe this was to be the first book in a series but I never followed up, and attempts to google this characters name keep referring me back to "Carlos the Jackal" who appears to have been a real life terrorist.