There seems an outside chance that this could be the Voyager Episode Blink of an Eye S06E12.
While the OP has specified a live-action movie on TV, they've also said they only saw 15 minutes, which leaves open the possibility of mistaking a TV show for a lower budget movie. This episode was originally broadcast in 2000, Voyager would probably have been on permanent loops on various TV channels by 2005/06
The cold opening has the ship and crew being pulled into orbit of a new planet and rooted in the sky as a permanent fixture.
The USS Voyager approaches a planet rotating 58 times per minute and, while investigating, the ship enters a gravimetric gradient pulling it into a geosynchronous orbit in which the crew becomes trapped. On the planet, a native is then seen preparing an altar. Just then, an earthquake occurs, and the native sees a new star in the sky, which is Voyager.
Later on, we have some classic astronaut suited types getting more closely involved with the crew before saving their ass.