In the well-known episode with Burgess Meredith we see both his boss and his wife take exception to his penchant for reading. His boss, perhaps rightly somewhat, objects to his using company time; but his wife is this horrifying character who destroyed a book of poetry (IIRC) and was amused when Meredith's character discovers this.
I recall really being as horrified as the main character was — what kind of person would destroy a book? It was not even like she wanted his company or something — she just wanted to deprive him of a pleasure, but also seemed to feel that it was a very odd thing to indeed read for pleasure.
My question is, was this a comment by the writer about anti-intellectualism in the 1960s — the main character was actually a little off? Or were his wife and boss the atypical ones?
I recall that the advent of the Eisenhower presidency had something to do with this anti-intellectualism — I did not IIRC make this idea up. Famously, when Ike was compared with Stevenson, the former was described as someone one would invite to a BBQ but the latter not so much. I think Ike was an intelligent and good man, but of course intellectual is different than intelligent.
I think if one researched it further, one would find that anti-communism and anti-intellectualism are related and maybe this is something about the 1950s and 1960s that The Twilight Zone is revealing. If I think about it, most The Twilight Zone episodes seemed to have "regular folks" as main characters — and if they wuzn't, they were evil guys who read books or worse ineffectual guys who read poetry.
I note (I should have looked there first) that the wikipedia article does mention in passing, without exploring it, anti-intellectualism. Also, and I think very exceptionally indeed for a TZ episode that first aired 63 years ago now, the author of the original short story, Lynn Venable is still with us. This is possibly the only episode of TZ from the first season where this is case. There are occasional cases where actors who were adults in the episode are also still with us but, for example, all three main characters were born more than 110 years ago.