A piece I was reading on just war brought to mind a plot of a sci-fi show (I believe it was a show, e.g., Star Trek, rather than a movie or book). In this storyline, opposing warring parties would kill a certain number of their opponents troops (and maybe civilians?) based on calculations (possibly a war game scenario) in an antiseptic environment (i.e., the killing was never seen). I believe that the resolution came when the warring leaders were forced to confront each other physically. Can anyone help me nail this show down? Thanks in advance.
The answer to your question is the star Trek, The Original Series episode 'A Taste of Armageddon'.
The Enterprise becomes part of a dispute between two worlds who use computational technologies to wage a war in which civilians are escorted to liquidation centers as casualties of war. The civilizations indicated they preferred this to actual warfare since there was less collateral damage. Captain Kirk, in order to save his ship and crew and in a violation of the Prime Directive, forces both civilizations to consider engaging in actual combat to bring back the horror of war and to consider an actual peace rather than their "computerized warfare".
NOTE: The violation of the Prime Directive is the Enterprise's continued incursion into the Ameniar star system after being told by the residents to NOT enter their space. The Federation is forced to give Kirk an exemption because they sent a diplomat to the system with the express intention of stopping the computerized warfare and saving the thousands of lives lost every year.
"A Taste of Armageddon" is a first-season episode of Star Trek: The Original Series. First broadcast on February 23, 1967 and repeated July 20, 1967, episode #24, production #24, and was written by Robert Hamner and Gene L. Coon, and directed by Joseph Pevney. --Source: Wikipedia