It seems to me that orcs are no more smarter, or dumber, than any other people. Gorbag seems to be a pretty smart orc, as seen in The Two Towers, Chapter 10, The Choices of Master Samwise:
'Who cut the cords she'd put round him, Shagrat? Same one as cut the web. Didn't you see that? And who stuck a pin into Her Ladyship? Same one, I reckon. And where is he? Where is he, Shagrat?'
Shagrat is no slouch, either:
Is that all you know of Her Ladyship [Shelob]? When she binds with cords, she's after meat. She doesn't eat dead meat, nor suck cold blood. This fellow isn't dead!'
It's harder to find examples of dumb orcs, actually. The goblins, which are smaller orcs according to The Hobbit, are the closest I can find. They aren't that smart given the descriptions, but not particularly stupid, either. They captured the group of dwarves, though they did it by surprise in the dark of night, and then they lost them to a wizard. Then they surprised the dwarves again, as told in The Hobbit, Over Hill and Under Hill:
they put out their torches and they slipped on soft shoes, and they chose out their very quickest runners with the sharpest ears and eyes. These ran forward, as swift as weasels in the dark, and with hardly any more noise than bats.
They weren't able to find or catch the invisible Bilbo, but they also didn't know or expect to have to look out for invisible people. They attempted to take the treasure left by Smaug and nearly succeeded, so that speaks to their logistical and strategic thinking to assemble such a large army so quickly.
Sure, in The Two Towers, The Uruk-Hai, the regular orcs want to spoil the prisoners and have fun, and don't want to do normal soldier stuff, but Ugluk and Grishnakh certainly seem to know what they are doing. The dumbest orcs were the scouts, that saw "Only a single horseman, and he made off westwards. All's clear now."
It seems to me that orcs are evil without question, but not necessarily stupid.