How strong is Cody from the Final Fight and Street Fighter universe within the canon of its lore?
Cody is a character who has been shown to perform supernatural feats of strength, such as demolishing reenforced concrete walls by punching them and generating tornadoes with his fists. He was also a fifth degree karate black belt (considered a "master" under most ranking systems) before the events of his first appearance in Final Fight 1. However, due to the branching mechanics of Final Fight as game series, and the theoretical nature of Street Fighter, it can be difficult to find official sources on what other characters in his universe he has, or is capable of, defeating.
Although characters within fighting games such as Street Fighter IV are balanced to be relatively equal for the sake of gameplay, their canon strengths vary much more diversely within the lore of the series. It has been implied through battle dialog that Cody is intentionally restraining himself from fighting at his full potential due to both his outwardly lazy attitude, as well as his handcuffs, which he is capable of removing at will but chooses to wear during fights in order to intentionally handicap himself.
How much strength he is capable of bringing to bear? How much is he "holding back"? How does he compare to ultra-powerful characters such as Akuma and Oro?