I am trying to figure out the early history of men. After reading just LotR and its appendices I have several questions revolving around which groups are which: Edain, Dúnedain, Númenóreans, and Elf-friends.
If I understand correctly:
- The Edain are the first three houses of men [edit: to associate with elves]
- Two Edain (Tuor and Beren) marry into the Elvish lines Noldor (Idril) and Sindar (Lúthien). All of the offspring of these two marriages are called Half-elven or Peredhil. At some point in time all of the living Peredhil are give the choice to become either Elf or Man.
- After the War of the Great Jewels, which some Edain help the Eldar, these Edain are rewarded with their own land: Númenor.
- Elros (a Peredhil) chooses to become man. He becomes the first king of Númenor.
LotR, Appendix F; 1. "Of men":
After the overthrow of the Dark Power, in which Beleriand was for the most part drowned or broken, it was granted as a reward to the Elf-friends that they also, as the Eldar, might pass west over Sea. [...] Most of the Elf-friends, therefore, departed and dwelt in Númenor. [...] These were the Númenóreans, the Kings of Men, whom the elves called the Dúnedain.
[...] Most of the Men of the northern regions of the West-land were descended from the Edain of the First Age, or of their close kin. [...] Of this kind were the peoples of the upper vales of Anduin: the Beornings, and the Woodmen of Western Mirkwood, [...] Men of Long Lake and of Dale. [...] the folk known in Gondor as Rohirrim.
So my questions:
What happened to the Edain who didn't marry into the Elvish lines? Did they not all go to Númenor? Did they eventually become the Northmen?
Is Elros the only half-elf to choose mortality (besides Arwen)?
Did all the half-elves who chose mortality go to Númenor? Did any non-half-elf (i.e. full human) Edain go to Númenor?
What about the half-elves who chose elfdom? Where do they go? I think I read that Rivendell was a haven for half-elves who chose elfdom.
Depending on answer to #1, are all Númenóreans descendants of Elros?
Are the Dúnedain and the Númenóreans the same group just two different names?
Sorry for asking so many questions. I just finished the book and I've written down a lot of questions.