It is arguable whether or not T-X is an improvement over T-1000, as the T-X is essentially an endoskeleton with onboard weapons and a polymimetic skin. As an infantry unit, the T-X is as deadly or deadlier than the T-1000 depending on how each is armed. In unarmed combat, T-1000 easily thwarted the T-800 every time. T-X, however, struggled against the T-850 unless it could employ its weaponry. T-X does have substantial onboard armaments, however, and is deadlier unless the T-1000 is armed with similar external weapons. T-X possesses a very destructive plasma thrower as its primary weapon. In some cases this would be of dubious value, as the degree to which a target is killed does not matter so much as whether a fatal blow can be delivered or not. T-X also had some ability to control other machines, even to some extremely unrealistic degrees, but it could not use this ability against a resisting foe. T-1000 did possess the ability to shapeshift as combat required: growing additional limbs to pilot a helicopter while operating a sub-machine gun, defeating barriers either through force or adaptability, recovering from external forces that would have permanently damaged an endoskeleton, et cetera.
As an infiltrator/assassin, the T-1000 demonstrated markedly superior covert abilities. It was a superior actor and was not constrained by an endoskeleton in its shapeshifting, therefore it could take the form of inanimate objects, fit through small spaces, emulate larger or smaller individuals, et cetera. T-X was often not convincing enough of an actor to avoid killing people and drawing attention. Additionally, the T-1000 appeared to be tactically superior, as it regained contact with the Connor family repeatedly using little other than its cunning. Even the decision to stay with the form of a police officer brought substantial advantages.
T-X was stymied by a less well armed T-850, even though the T-X possessed superior armaments than the T-1000 and the ability to control other machines. So, in answer to the question of "Why is each subsequent Terminator of greater quality than the previous," I pose the answer that each subsequent Terminator is not necessarily of superior quality. Even the T-800 presents some advantages over the others, if such qualities are desired. The T-1000 is an advanced prototype but the T-800 is comparatively easy to mass produce. Individually the T-1000 is superior in almost every way, but for an equal input of resources a higher quantity of T-800s could easily be more combat effective.